The eclipse is a natural phenomenon in the field of astronomy , a science that studies the planets. The eclipse takes place through the intervention of three elements: the Sun, Moon and Earth.
The possibility of an eclipse depends on the position of the Moon and Sun within their orbit relative to Earth. There are two types of eclipses: solar and lunar. Currently, the alignment of the three planets can be predicted with total precision and so astronomy lovers observe eclipses with pure curiosity of planetary movements.
A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon darkens or covers the Sun, interposing itself between the Sun and Earth.
This phenomenon causes the Moon to cast its shadow over the Earth’s surface and thus visually shows that the Moon covers the Sun. This happens when the Moon is young. Astronomy defines that there are four types of solar eclipses: partial (when the Moon does not completely cover the Sun, which is the crescent); the semi-partial (when the Moon almost completely covers the Sun); the total (when the Moon completely covers the Sun) and finally the annular eclipse (when the solar ring remains visible around the Moon).
It should be noted that when a person wants to see a solar eclipse they need to use a telescope or glasses with appropriate filters, as when observed without protection it can impair vision.
In the lunar eclipse, the Earth is interposed between the Sun and the Moon, in such a way that the latter darkens
The Moon enters Earth’s shadow area, but this only occurs when the Moon is full. Lunar eclipses can be full, partial, or shadowy, depending on the Moon’s exact position.
Currently, science describes eclipses through astronomical parameters and there is no esoteric or mysterious explanation for this case. However, in ancient civilizations this was not the case. There was a mythical explanation, for example, the Incas understood that the Sun and Moon had an idyll during the solar eclipse; the Egyptians, on the other hand, believed that the Sun was under attack.
In some cases, ancient men believed that this phenomenon caused discomfort to the Gods and this was their way of showing irritation before men.
Christopher Columbus and the 1504 Lunar Eclipse
There are many historical cases about the impact of eclipses. Probably what happened to Christopher Columbus on his fourth trip to America was one of the most important. Some natives of his crew were dissatisfied by the treatment they received and Colombo was afraid they could rebel or rebel at any time.
Columbus had astronomical knowledge and knew the exact day that the lunar eclipse would occur, so he told the Indians that their God would show them his dissatisfaction. When the lunar eclipse happened, the Indians began to believe in Columbus’ words as being true and with that they gave up their purpose , since the stars had shown dissatisfaction with them.