It should be understood as a feeling opposite to euphoria. This word is used to refer to people who are not satisfied with their gender identity. A person has gender dysphoria when their male or female sexuality does not match their self-perception as an individual . Dysphoria
In a nutshell, when a man feels like a woman or a woman feels like a man. Of course, those who live in this situation find themselves against their sexuality and identity.
Transgender, transsexual, transphobia and gender dysphoria
A transgender person is one who does not identify with the gender role of their genitals. Consequently, the person is uncomfortable with their sexual attribution and this incompatibility causes dysphoria. Faced with this situation, it is very likely that the person suffering from dysphoria wants to change their gender role by performing some hormonal treatment or surgical intervention to modify their genitals and adapt them to their sexual identity (this type of change is called reassignment of sex). In this case, the transgender individual who has dysphoria becomes a transsexual.
Transgender and transsexual subjects are not always accepted and respected. Those who reject these groups adopt a discriminatory attitude, also known as transphobia.
Is dysphoria a pathology?
From the perspective of psychiatry, gender dysphoria is considered by some specialists as a disease , while others oppose the pathologization of dysphoria. This subject is intensively addressed by psychiatry, theology and philosophy.
For the American Psychiatric Association, transsexuality and gender dysphoria have not been part of the mental illnesses included in the DSM-5 diagnostic manual since the year 2012. Thus, before that date, the person with gender dysphoria was a patient according to the established parameters, but after this date it no longer has this label. This change in criteria has great similarities with the issue of homosexuality, since for decades psychiatry classified homosexuals as mentally ill and over time this consideration ceased to exist in the majority medical community .
In 2018, the World Health Organization will publish a new disease manual. Transsexuality and gender dysphoria are expected to stop being a mental disorder and start to be called “gender incongruities”.