Carbohydrates, also known as carbohydrates, carbohydrates and saccharides, are organic molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen that turn out to be the primary biological form of energy storage and consumption .
According to the number of molecules involved in their formation, there are different types of carbohydrates: monosaccharides (one molecule), disaccharides (two molecules), oligosaccharides (three to nine molecules) and polysaccharides (branched chains of more of ten molecules).
The specific functions that contribute to our health
Although they perform a multitude of functions, energy reserve and the formation of structures are the two most important, as glucose immediately reports energy needed by living organisms to live, grow and develop, that is, it allows the traditional muscle activity, maintenance of body temperature , blood pressure, proper bowel function and neuronal activity.
Likewise, carbohydrates are a fundamental part of any diet, for example, it establishes that between 55 and 60% of the daily energy that an organism needs must come from carbohydrates, whether through the ingestion of starchy foods, such as potatoes and from the masses or from the reserves accumulated in the body, however, a correct and balanced diet does not recommend the abusive consumption of some carbohydrates, such as sugar, due to its high oxidizing power that accelerates cell aging.
Anyway, it is worth noting that the ingestion of fats and carbohydrates requires the monitoring of physical activity, as a sedentary posture combined with the recurrent intake of these foods facilitates poor metabolism
So carbohydrates are essential and necessary in any diet, along with proteins and fats that can be ingested through pasta, rice, cereals, legumes, vegetables and fries, however, they cannot be abused, especially sugars and Simple carbohydrates as they are a safe path for chronic diseases such as diabetes and obesity .
At this point it is important to reduce the consumption of carbohydrates, as they are blamed almost exclusively for being overweight or the extra pounds of an individual , however, these are not the only ones responsible, the ideal is always to practice healthy physical activities to help assimilate your consumption, since in addition to being good for health, it is also important that they are satisfactorily synthesized so that the circle closes in the most perfect and healthy way possible.
Care must also be taken, as many diets that aim to lose weight take carbohydrates out of the diet and this is not good, in fact, everything that is extreme is not good and, without a doubt, can lead to a serious health problem causing fatigue and other disorders.
The typical disorders that cause
It should also be noted that, sometimes, in digestion , the degradation of carbohydrates can be deficient as a consequence of an inherited intestinal disease, a bowel disorder, malnutrition or excessive consumption of drugs that injure the small intestine mucosa. By chance, undigested carbohydrate satisfactorily reaches the large intestine and produces what is known as osmotic diarrhea.
Industrial uses of carbohydrates
On the other hand, carbohydrates are very important when manufacturing some products, such as fabrics, photographic films, plastics, among others. Nitrocellulose is used to make cinema films, cement, gunpowder and plastics.
Pectin and starch, other carbohydrates par excellence, are used as causative agents when preparing food for humans and animals.
Agar agar is a laxative compound used for thickening food and for bacterial cultivation.
Meanwhile, cellulose can become paper products and viscose rayon, hemicellulose is used to modify paper during its manufacture; heparin sulphate as a blood anticoagulant, among others.