Poetic movement Characteristics movements today

poetic movement is a type of literary movement that brings together writers with common influences, ideologies and interests, who express their emotions, ideas and feelings through poetic compositions with similar stylistic and thematic characteristics.

The participation of a writer in a certain movement can derive from a clear manifestation of belonging to a certain movement voluntarily. It can also happen that, due to the characteristics of form and content of the writer’s poetic productions, he is related to a certain movement.

For this, the work must conserve the aesthetic resources and the poetic structures of the movement, so that it can be a faithful representation of the most outstanding characteristics of this movement, always taking into account the social context in which the work in question is born.

The first poetic movements that emerged were highly influential for the different manifestations of poetry that came later. The baroque, romantic, realist and modern movements represent the evolution of the poetic movement and the different conceptions that emerged from the authors’ creativity.

Characteristics of poetic movements

stuck in an age

Each poetic movement is linked to a specific time and region, as they arise under the influence of historical and social events.

So that the geographic, social and/or political context shapes the poetic periods, granting different perspectives and approaches on topics that generate concern and interest at certain times.

Love as a fundamental theme

Most poetic movements have common themes about human concerns, such as love, tragedy, pleasures, joy, freedom, or the occurrence of everyday life, among others.

However, love is the main theme that remains present in all poetic movements, even if they develop and call it in different ways.

In fact, the expressive modes of poetic language, with its lyrics full of passion, are what managed to give the impulse of acceptance and expansion to the different poetic movements in the world.

Higher poetic movements

The poetic movements fed the creative exercise of the authors of each era, with different forms of writing that serve as a dynamic element of language and creation.

Like other artistic movements, poetic movements were part of various schools such as Baroque, Romanticism, Modernism, Dadaism, Expressionism, Neoclassicism, Realism, Purism, Naturalism, Cubism, and Futurism. , avant-garde, surrealism and other intellectual currents.

But there are four higher trends that are considered the most representative of the poetic movement: baroque, romantic, realist and modern.

baroque movement

The Baroque movement is located in the 17th century, with texts of deep, dark, extravagant and excessive language, whose themes revolve around madness, loneliness, pessimism, disappointment, disappointment and the decline of man.

romantic movement

Romanticism was created in the 18th century, but it has different periods and slopes from different regions of Europe.

His poems praise individuality, freedom, nationalism, pain, sensitivity, subjectivity and nature, through simple and capricious stanzas.

realistic movement

Literary realism emerged in the mid-19th century. However, it is considered a basic constant of world literature, with a presence in almost all times.

His texts reflect reality through an aesthetic formula of poetic conversion that should not be confused with the literal reproduction of naturalism.

modern movement

The literary movement of modernism developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Its authors sought to create a new aesthetic with evocative and subversive lyrics that broke with the rigid styles of classical poetry.

Modernists responded to human needs superficially and optimistically, extolling rebellion, renewal, modernity, and industrial and scientific progress.

contemporary movement

The last great movement was practically by the hand of modernism, since it began in the late 19th century and continues to this day.

It stands out for the comprehensive characteristics of literary movements, hybridizing them around a metrical and rhyming-free writing, abundant in literary metaphors (personifications, similes, etc.).

Contemporaries put originality before aesthetics, also having a greater need to express their ideological or social concerns in relation to more traditional themes such as love. 

Poetic movements today

Currently, poetic movements are cultural groups focused on the development, evaluation and implementation of activities with poetic possibilities.

These literary groups function as inspiration and as a school, facilitating the participation of writers in presentations, readings, seminars, workshops and competitions. 

In addition, they allow interaction between different artistic practices, so that poetry remains alive, free and open to new forms and trends.

An example of this is the Acción Poética movement, born in Monterrey, Mexico, in 1996, with the intention of painting small fragments of poetry in the streets.

Global communication around the current context has allowed this movement to spread even to other countries, such as Argentina and Venezuela, and Acción Poética is considered to be present in about 30 countries.

The verses exposed by this movement are always of a loving nature and do not admit the use of messages related to religion or politics.

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