History

List of roman emperors in order/definition of emperor/end

Emperor

The word emperor comes from the Latin term imperator . This is how the monarch who is sovereign of an empire or who has other kings as vassals is called . This title is the most dignified and is above the title of king. This makes him the most powerful person in society, if his words are not respected there is a reprimand since he is the highest authority. List of roman emperors in order

For its part, the word empress is the female equivalent and is used to designate the emperor’s wife (empress consort), his mother (empress dowager) or the woman who exercises the monarchy in her own right (reigning empress) , the characteristics of the power of these women are equal to those of the male emperors.

Definition of Emperor

To designate the head of state, government and military force of a set of conquered territories and peoples, the term emperor is used. The Latin verb imperare is translated “command.” Since ancient times , the emperor was defined by power and, especially, by military command capacitythat he owned. These characteristics allowed him to conquer many territories, so that the word emperor began to be used to identify those who ruled vast extensions of territory that together was called the empire. During these centuries, control of the land was synonymous with power and wealth, that is why military action to defend and conquer territories is so important; Through military victories the emperors consolidated their power and increased their prestige.

Roman Emperor List of roman emperors in order

The emperor title used to denote the sovereign who was over kings of territory, was especially used when it was in full swing the Roman Empire  . Although the Roman emperors are best known for being the Roman Empire of utmost importance for the later history of Europe , in other parts of the world other terms were used to designate the supreme heads of these empires. For example, the tsars were the emperors of the Russian empire, the last Russian tsar was Nicholas II, overthrown by the Socialist Revolution in 1917; to the chinese emperorsthey were known as huangdi; and so on. Finally, the Japanese emperor is the only one currently holding a title that when translated is rendered emperor, since May 2019 this position is held by Naruhito.

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Complete list of Roman Emperors

Julio-Claudian dynasty
August 27 BC – 14
Tiberius 14 – 37
Caligula 37 – 41
Claudio 41 – 54
Nero 54 – 68
Year of the four emperors
Galba 68 – 69
Otto 69
Vitellius 69
Flavian dynasty
Vespasian (last of the 4 emperors) 69 – 79
Titus 79 – 81
Domitian 81 – 96
Antonine dynasty
Nerva 96 – 98
Trajan 98 – 117
Hadrian 117 – 138
Antonio Pio 138 – 161
Marcus Aurelius  161 – 180
Lucio Vero 161- 169
Avidio Casio 175
Comfortable 180 – 193
Civil War / Generals-Emperors 193
Pertinax 193
Didius Julian 193
Pescennius Niger 193 – 194
Clodius Albino 193 – 197
Severe Dynasty
Septimius Severus 193– 211
Caracalla 211– 217
Geta (co-emperor)  211 – 212
Macrine 217 – 218
Diadumenian 217 – 218
Heliogabalus 218–222
Alexander Severo 222– 235
List of roman emperors in order
 

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Rulers during the crisis of the third century

Maximinus the Thracian 235-238
Gordian I 238
Gordian II 238
Pupieno Maximum 238
Balbino 238
Gordian III 238 –244
Sabinian (declared himself emperor) 240
Philip the Arab 244 –249
Pacatiano (Roman usurper) 248
Jotapiano (Roman usurper) 248
Silbanaco (Roman usurper) 248
Decius or Trajan Decius 249 – 251
Prisco (Roman usurper) 249-252
Licinianus (Roman usurper) 250
Etruscan Herenian 251
Hostile 251
Gaul Trebonian 251 – 253
Volusian 251-253
Emiliano 253
Valerian 253 – 260
Galieno 260 – 268
Salonino 260
Other usurpers after Salonino
Naive 260
Regalian 260)
Macriano the Elder 260 – 261
Macriano the Younger 260 – 261
Still 260 – 261
Musio Emiliano 261 – 262?
Aureolo 268
Gallic Empire 260 – 274
Posthumous 260 – 269
Leliano (usurper against Posthumous) 269
Mario 269
Victorino 269 ​​- 271
Domitian (Roman usurper, not to be confused with the emperor) 270 – 271
Dark I 271 – 274
List of roman emperors in order
Illyrian Emperors
Claudius II 268 – 270
Quintyle 270
Aureliano 270 – 275
Claudio Tacitus 275-276
Floriano 276
Proof 276-282
Expensive 282 – 284
Dear 283-285
Numerian 283-284
Years 286 – 297
Carausio 286 – 293
Alecto 293 – 297
Tetrarchy and House of Constantine
Diocletian 284 – 305 co-emperor Maximian 286- 305
Constantius I 305-306 Co-Emperor Galerius 305-311
Galerius and Severus II 306-307
Constantine I the Great 306-307
Licinius 308-324
Maximino Daya 310-313
Valerio Valente 316-317
Martinian 324
Constantine II 337-340
Constantius II 337-361
Constant 337 – 350
Magnencio 350 – 353
Vetranio 350
Nepociano (Roman usurper) 350
Julian “the Apostate” 361 – 363
Jovian 363 – 364
List of roman emperors in order
Valentinian dynasty
Valentinian I in the West List of roman emperors in order 364 – 375, (Valente in the East 364 – 378)
Flavio Graciano in the West 375 – 383
Valentinian II 375 – 392
Magno Maximum 383 – 388
Theodosian dynasty
Theodosius I in the East 379 – 392 (in the West 392 – 395)
Arcadio 383 – 395
Honorius 393 – 395
Western empire
Honorius 395 – 423
Constantius III 421
Joannes 423 – 425
Valentinian III 425 – 455
Petronius Maximus 455
Avito 455 – 456
Majorian 456 – 461
Severe Libyan 461 – 465
Antemio 467 – 472
Olibrio 472
Glycerium 473 – 474
Julio Nepote 475 – 475
Romulus Augustulus – Last Roman Emperor of the West 475 – 476
Usurpers during the reign of Honorius
Constantine III 407 – 411
Constant II 409 – 411
Maximum 409 – 411
Prisco Atalo (proclaimed emperor by the Visigoths) 409 – 410
Jovino 411 – 413
Sebastiano 412 – 413

End of the imperial lineage of the Roman Emperor

At the end of the third century and in a process that took several years, the Empire of Rome was divided into East and West, each with its own emperors. Emperadores succession line on the west side is interrupted at the end of the V century, ushering in the Age Media ; the Western Roman Empire was in crisis in the decades prior to its fall, so it was that the invasion of the barbarian peoples meant a mortal blow for the Empire. On the east side, the sequence continued until 1453 falls Constantinople . Being Constantine XI Palaiologos the last emperor, this fact puts an end to the Middle Ages. List of roman emperors in order

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