Some films are not produced or distributed through conventional commercial channels, so they are labeled with a different name: independent cinema, also known as indie cinema.
General characteristics that explain it
It should be noted that there is no concrete definition of this type of cinema, but it is possible to provide some elements that define it.
Films are generally low-budget and therefore shot with limited technical and commercial resources . As a general rule, directors are novices, but in some cases there are established directors who direct independent films to escape commercial cinema.
Generally, the stories told address themes that are not widely accepted at the box office, in the sense that they prefer stories with a more social , demanding and transgressive tone . Many of them are intimate and address real-life conflicts. The cinematographic style is avant-garde and disruptive. Independent Cinema
In relation to its diffusion, independent cinema is commonly known by also self-appointed as independent festivals.
Titles that became classics
It would be a mistake to judge independent cinema as an inferior category . In fact, some titles from this seventh art subculture have become classics. “Taxi Driver” by Martin Scorsese, “Pulp Fiction” by Quentin Tarantino, “The Clockwork Orange” by Stanley Kubrick or “The Big Lebowski” by Joel Coen. These are some examples of independent films that are part of cinema history.
Other labels of cinema
Like any other art, cinema presents a wide range of currents, trends and classifications. The low-budget, commercial type films are known as series B. Throughout history there have been all kinds of currents: Italian neorealism, German expressionism , surrealism , the French nouvelle vague, among others. Independent Cinema
Films can be classified by genre: western, science fiction, musical, black cinema, comedy, war, erotic, etc.
Films are sometimes classified by their historical setting, by their format (eg 3D cinema) or by their audience (such as adult cinema). Films that have become mythical are called cults and are produced outside of conventional culture, labeled underground.