Dystopia is a concept used differently from utopia , as it names the imaginary world normally created for literature or the seventh art. It is characterized by being unpleasant and undesirable to live. As is well known, utopia also proposes a world that does not exist in reality , but that one yearns to reach and achieve once, as it implies harmony, peace and love, that is, in all situations that are desirable and dear to most people. people.
That’s why many also use the concept of anti-utopia to call it
The area of politics was the first to use this concept around the 19th century, through the political leader John Mill, who used this representation in one of his parliamentary speeches.
Dystopia, a warning against bad politicians
It is worth noting that most of the dystopian novels or stories use or part of real facts that happen in the communities; even more because of the negative content they display, they end up generating unpleasant and totally dysfunctional events for the harmony and health of society .
Many clearly negative behaviors are taken as primary actions of dystopias, because it is evident that they are capable of triggering totally unfair and unbalanced country scenarios and models. That is, dystopia often acts as a warning of what can happen if concrete and beneficial changes do not occur in political or social direction , among others.
1984, a world of dystopia
One of the most paradigmatic and clear examples of dystopia in the field of literature is the book 1984 by the English writer George Orwell. In it, Orwell discusses what life is like in a community monitored every minute by the authorities and which is dominated by political propaganda. Its central character, Winston Smith, is the only one who tries to live and remember the past as a tool to rebel against this oppressive present.
Through this work, Orwell seeks to make a strong critique of totalitarianism, that is, he shows the repression and lack of freedom that a society undergoes in the sense of the terrible consequence of living in a state of dictatorship .