Bionic engineering is the discipline that seeks to replace any organ in a living being with any electronic or mechanical component. In this sense, a hearing aid or an artificial heart are devices of bionics, but there are also a number of more recent devices: chips that replace the human eye, artificial prostheses for arms and legs, exoskeletons, cartilage and nerves in 3D, among others . In all of them there is something in common: they supply a deficient organic function in order to provide a mechanical solution for the individual .
Bionic engineering as a discipline is based on three fundamental pillars: human-machine communication , mechanical and energy issues and, finally, the cost of these devices.
A discipline in contact with numerous areas
Bionic engineering is an area of transversal knowledge, as it is related to other areas: artificial intelligence , nanotechnology, communication systems, process automation, production of new materials and robotics. In relation to their applications, there is a great variety: in people with physical or sensory disabilities in the service sector, industry and the space race. Bionic Engineering
From science fiction to everyday life
For decades, bionic man has been talked about in the context of science fiction. Over time, these stories became a reality . In fact, these days, some blind people have regained their sight thanks to a chip, and people who depend on a wheelchair can walk upright with an exoskeleton. These revolutionary advances allow us to imagine an even more promising future. In this sense, it is possible that this deficiency understood today may disappear in the not-too-distant future. Bionic Engineering
Currently, some bionic members work through mind control, a clear example of human-machine interaction.
Interestingly, many of the technological advances in bionic engineering came about thanks to war-related accidents.
According to bionic engineers, in the near future it will be possible to have artificial skin with a sense of touch and this could be done through built-in sensors, an example of nanotechnology applied to human beings.
Despite all this progress, there is a question that still doesn’t have a clear answer: will it be possible to implant an artificial brain to replace the human brain? Regardless of the future of bionic engineering, it is already starting to talk about a new man: the machine-man or cyborg. Bionic Engineering