Types of feminism 18 types of feminism with characteristics

Types of feminism

Did you know that there are many different types of feminism? There are those who have always believed that there is only one thing, feminism itself, but the truth is that it can be divided into several aspects, depending on whether they follow certain lines of belief and action or others. Below are different types of feminism.

philosophical feminism

Philosophical feminism is the one that invites us to reflect on the concept, idea and role of women in society . Through the history of philosophy , it is intended to review what the role of women has been and at what moment her traces were erased.

Philosophical feminism is the basis of any feminist current and, throughout history, has given us figures that have marked the feminist movement such as one of the forerunners of the movement, Mary Wollstonecraft, Simone de Beauvoir, Clara Campoamor, María Laffitte, Flora Tristán, Amelia Valcárcel or Celia Amorós, among many others.

equality feminism

We call equality feminism the movement committed to promoting social practices of equality between women and men . From this type of feminism it is considered that the gender difference is strictly cultural, for which it is intended to consolidate a new social structure based on democratic and egalitarian values. Equality feminism is 100% committed to an activist agenda.


Ecology and feminism come together in the ecofeminism concept through which they fight for two basic premises: patriarchy oppresses both women and nature due to their capitalist practices, and women are the ones who promote care for nature.

Ecofeminism is closely linked to Marxist feminism, a current with which they share ideas about the situation of inequality of women, capitalism and patriarchy.

abolitionist feminism

The so-called abolitionist feminism is that type of feminism that focuses its fight on the suppression of the commercial and sexual exploitation of the female body or any other type of trafficking in women. In this sense, one of the main missions of abolitionist feminism is the abolition of prostitution, pornography or gestational surrogacy.

dissident feminism

Dissident feminism is a movement that seeks, mainly, to promote equal rights for women and men , but marking distances from the ideas promoted by other feminist movements. For this reason, there are different aspects of dissident feminism , since there are disagreements with other currents such as Marxist feminism or radical feminism, among others.

Marxist feminism

Marxist or socialist feminism is one that reflects on the construction of power in society through Marxist theory. This type of feminism emphasizes the economic conditions and material reality that can be an instrument of oppression . Through Marxist feminism, an attempt is made to take into account the specific way that influences capitalism, which is seen as the dominant system in the hegemony of patriarchy.

liberal feminism

On the opposite side of Marxist feminism we find liberal feminism, a current that considers that thanks to the capitalist system and liberalism , women have enough tools to free themselves from the oppression of patriarchy and be completely independent.

radical feminism

Radical feminism, also known as radfem , is a movement born in the 1960s . Although its name seems to imply the opposite, this type of current moves away from extremism. Radical feminism takes its name from the word “root” and arises from the need to search for the roots of the oppression of women . For this current of feminism, oppression lies in the sociopolitical and economic structures from which discrimination against women is exercised, as well as other types of discrimination such as racism or classism.

difference feminism

This is one of the types of feminism that may be less known by name, but rather more known for what it is itself. The so-called difference feminism refers to the idea that gender difference is liberating for women . It is a current that does not aspire to be the same as masculine power, but rather that a new social structure can be created from the unique characteristics of women.

pro-life feminism

Pro-life feminism is one that supports all the keys to feminism except support for abortion. For pro-life feminists, it is necessary to include the unborn in the term of equality , which distances them from the freedom of abortion as a fight against oppression, since for them it is contradictory. Pro- life feminism advocates fighting for the elimination of any economic inequality that, for many women, can be a decisive factor that would prevent them from resorting to abortion.


Cyberfeminism is a feminist current based on the idea that women are a fundamental pillar in technological development . From this main premise, cyberfeminism is dedicated to promoting spaces for inclusion through technological education , cyberspace and industrial design, areas where women have frequently been excluded or made invisible.

lesbian feminism

Through lesbian feminism, it is intended to review the naturalization of sexual normativity , especially that of heterosexuality, since through this the concept of social roles by gender is favored. Example: women must take care of household chores and men work to provide them. For this reason, lesbian feminism advocates applying terms of heteronormative principles to this traditional conception. In other words, from this current it is understood that women can only free themselves from the oppression of patriarchy through a structure supported by ties between women .

black feminism

Black feminism is a movement that promotes equal rights primarily for black women . For people who believe in this current, this group is not only oppressed by patriarchy , but also by racism and sexism .

Black feminism was born in the 1960s hand in hand with the fight for civil rights of the African-American population , since women were not taken into account to assume positions of political leadership. Thus, black feminism is based on the fact that both classism, racism and sexism are closely linked and it is understood that the fight for the rights of black women is also a fight for all people oppressed by discrimination in these senses. .

factual or scientific feminism

It is a type of feminism based on biology and the study of evolutionary psychology . Through factual or scientific feminism, opposition to the idea that the only differences between men and women are cultural is highlighted, since biological gender differences are recognized. However, factual feminism emphasizes that this type of difference cannot serve as a justification for gender inequality and, therefore, biological diversity must guarantee the construction of an inclusive society in terms of rights.


Anarchism is a political philosophy, a model of thought that advocates the defense of freedom in any type of matter: social, political and economic. Through anarcho-feminism, it is intended to fight for gender equality , taking the bases of anarchist ideology as a reference . For this reason, anarchic feminism questions the methods of social control as is the instrument of patriarchy.

cultural feminism

Through cultural feminism, different tendencies are included that have a unique proposal in common: the development of women within the framework of a feminine counterculture . This movement considers that women are morally superior to men and sees in this a special and direct link with nature due to the condition of women as mothers. Before this new adaptation, this current was understood as depoliticized feminism .

separatist feminism

Separatist feminism bases its theories on lesbian feminism. However, through this current, the separation of men and women is proposed as the only way for women to reach their potential . Thus, within separatist feminism there are two tendencies: general separatism and lesbian separatism.


This is the last of the types of feminism on this list. Transfeminism is related to the most radical gender theories. From this current it is maintained that gender is purely a social construction , conceived to make people exercise according to their roles and codes within the social structure.

Likewise, they advocate considering that the characteristics of the biological sex do not serve to differentiate the roles between men and women in society, but that these differences occur as a result of the classification that each sex is imposed from the moment of birth. From transfeminism, not only the liberation of the heterosexual woman is sought, but the equity and equality of any person regardless of their gender .

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