History

Monarchs of England in order/definition/concept/form

King (Monarch)

The king is the sovereign or monarch of a kingdom . This supreme office is present in a form of government known as a monarchy. The word king applies to any type of monarchy; the only monarch above a king is the emperor . Learn in this post more about the king, the kind of government he administers, as well as its functions and characteristics throughout history. Monarchs of England in order

We should note that the place of the king in society may vary depending on the characteristics of each town and historical moments  , for example during Absolutism the king had an unquestionable power, his power extended to all areas of the society. Catholic monarchies in the power of the king appears as God ‘s will , ie the king as the chosen divine . In some cases the king is seen as a God on Earth, since his will responds to the will of God.

King concept

King is defined as the highest office in a monarchy , so this Spanish word directly points to the role of a monarch. If the position is held by a woman, then it is called queen . The king’s wife is called the queen consort , however the wife of a queen by right is called the queen’s consort .

Form of government of a king Monarchs of England in order

The monarchy is the form of government or state ruled by a king . In this a group of people (commonly the family of a dynasty ) represents the national identity and the monarch as head plays the role of head of state. Since its inception, monarchies have been changing. At first the king had absolute power, he even considered himself a deity, but over time this was disappearing until he reached a practically symbolic role.

Monarchs of England in order

The first reign that there was in England was in 1027 when the who at that time was the Duke of Normandy William I , known as the Bastard, was crowned , but the total succession of the British monarchs is as follows:

Wessex House Monarchs of England in order

  • Egber, first King of All England, 827 to 839
  • Aethelwulf, King of Wessex from 839 to 858
  • Aethelbald, King of Wessex from 858 to 860
  • Aethelbert, King of Wessex from 860 to 866
  • Aethelred I, King of Wessex from 866 to 871
  • Alfred the Great, King of Wessex from 871 to 899
  • Edward the Elder, King of Wessex from 899 to 924
  • Athlestan, considered King of All Great Britain, King of Wessex from 924 to 939.
  • Edmund the Magnificent, King of Wessex from 940 to 946
  • Eadred, King of the English from 946 to 955
  • Eadwing, King of the English from 955 to 957, and Ruler of Wessex from 957 to 959
  • Edgar the Pacific, King of All England from 959 to 975
  • Edward the Martyr, King of England from 975 to 978 Monarchs of England in order
  • Aethelred II, King of England from 978 to 1013 and from 1014 to 1016
  • Edmund II, King of England during 1016

Danish House

  • Canute the Great, King of England from 1016 to 1035
  • Harold I, King of England from 1035 to 1040
  • Hardicanute, King of England from 1040 to 1042

Saxons

  • Edward the Confessor, King of England from 1042 to 1066
  • Harold II, King of England during 1066

Normandy dynasty

  • William I “the Bastard”, Duke of Normandy, King of England from 1066 to 1087
  • William II “Rufus”, King of England from 1087 to 1100
  • Henry I, King of England from 1100 to 1135
  • Stephen I of Blois, King of England from 1135 to 1154
  • Matilda I, Queen of England in 1141 (does not rule)

Plantagenêt dynasty Monarchs of England in order

  • Henry II “Plantagenêt”, King of England from 1154 to 1189
  • Richard I “Heart of the Lion”, King of England from 1189 to 1199
  • John I “Landless”, 1167-1216, King of England from 1199 to 1216
  • Henry III, King of England from 1216 to 1272
  • Edward I , King of England from 1272 to 1307
  • Edward II , King of England from 1307 to 1327
  • Edward III , King of England from 1327 to 1377
  • Richard II, King of England from 1377 to 1399

Plantagenêt Dynasty / House of Lancaster

  • Henry IV , King of England from 1399 to 1413
  • Henry V, King of England from 1413 to 1422 Monarchs of England in order
  • Henry VI, King of England from 1422 to 1461

Dynasty of Plantagenêt / House of York

  • Edward IV, Duke of York, 1442-1483, King of England from 1461 to 1483
  • Edward V, King of England from 1483 to 1483
  • Richard III, King of England from 1483 to 1485

Tudor dynasty

  • Henry VII, Earl of Pembroke, 1457-1509, King of England from 1485 to 1509
  • Henry VIII , King of England from 1509 to 1547
  • Edward VI , King of England from 1547 to 1553
  • Joan I Gray, Lady Dudley, Queen of England from 1553 to 1553 (deposed / executed)
  • Mary I “the Bloody”, Queen of England from 1553 to 1558
  • Elizabeth I “the Virgin Queen”, Queen of England from 1558 to 1603

Stuart dynasty of Scotland

  • James I , King of Scotland in 1567, King of England from 1603 to 1625
  • Charles I , King of England and Scotland from 1625 to 1649
  • Charles II, King of Scotland and Ireland in 1649
  • English Revolution from 1642 to 1649
  • 1st Commonwealth Republic 1649-1660
  • Return to the monarchy in 1660 Monarchs of England in order

Stuart dynasty Monarchs of England in order

  • Charles II “the Merry Monarch”, 1630-1685, King of England and Scotland from 1660 to 1685
  • James II, 1633-1701, King of England and Scotland from 1685 to 1689 (deposed / exiled)
  • The “Glorious Revolution” of 1689

Nassau-Orange & Stuart Dynasty

  • Mary II, Princess of Orange, 1662-1694, Queen of England and Scotland from 1689 to 1694
  • William III, Prince of Orange, 1650-1702, King of England and Scotland from 1689 to 1702
  • Anne I, 1665-1714, Queen of England in 1702, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland from 1707-1714

Guelph Dynasty of Brünswick-Lüneburg / House of Hannover

  • George I, Elector of Hanover, 1660-1727, King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1727
  • George II, 1683-1760, King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1727 to 1760
  • George III, King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1760 to 1820, King of Hanover in 1814
  • George IV, King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1820 to 1830, King of Hanover in 1820
  • William IV, King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1830 to 1837, King of Hanover in 1830
  • Victoria I, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901

Saxe-Coburg-Gotha dynasty Monarchs of England in order

  • Edward VII, King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1901 to 1910

Windsor dynasty

  • George V, King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1910 to 1936
  • Edward VIII, King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1936 to 1936 (abdicated / exiled)
  • George VI, King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1936 to 1952
  • Elizabeth II, Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from 1952 to the present day

Monarchs of England in order

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