Research Writing

Difference between social science and natural science

The main difference between the natural science and the social science is that the natural sciences are the study of natural events using scientific methods, while the social sciences are the study of human behaviors and their relationships using scientific and other methods.

Natural sciences versus social sciences

Natural science deals with the physical world. Social science deals with social interactions and human behavior. The origin of the natural sciences is earlier. The Social Sciences originated late 19th century episodes . The natural sciences have two fundamental divisions: biological and physical sciences. The social sciences have many subdivisions. The formulation of the natural sciences is produced by scientific methods and laws. The social sciences need scientific and other methods.

The natural sciences answer questions like how a tree grows. The social sciences answer why a man likes tattoos. Students who choose the natural sciences become doctors, engineers, astronomers and nurses. Students who choose the social sciences become historians, lawyers, judges and social scientists. The natural sciences apply quantitative means of collecting data. The social sciences use qualitative and quantitative means to evaluate data.

The area of ​​focus of the natural sciences is natural events, while the social sciences study events other than the natural sciences. The limitations of the natural sciences include technical and financial; the social sciences constrain specialists in ethical and economic problems. The natural sciences create an understanding of complex phenomena, while the social sciences negotiate human attitudes and nature.

Comparative board

Natural Sciences Social Sciences
Natural science deals with the physical world and is the study of natural events using scientific methods. Social science deals with human communities and relationships, and is the study of human behaviors and relationships, applying scientific and other methods.
Earlier Afternoon
biology, physics, chemistry economics, political science, history
Scientific laws and methods Scientific and other methods
Doctors, chemists, biologists Lawyers, writers, historians
How does a tree grow? Why do some people like tattoos?
Understanding complex processes trading human stocks
data calculation
Quantitative methods Not necessarily quantitative methods
Study area
natural events In addition to natural events
What is natural science?

The natural sciences are the sciences that deal with natural events by applying scientific methods. Their main concern is the events that separate them from the social sciences. The natural sciences came about when people were curious about the world; Also, they want to use natural resources for human benefit. Its purpose is to discuss the laws that govern the world. Copernicus and Galileo were the first leaders of the scientific revolution; discussed the problems of physics and astronomy.

The main subdivision of the natural sciences is two: one is the biological sciences that study living beings, the other is the physical sciences that deal with non-living beings. Physical sciences include chemistry, physics, astronomy, earth sciences, etc. Students pursuing careers in the natural sciences can become doctors, engineers, nurses, astronomers, biologists, and chemists.

In the areas of investigation of the natural sciences, technical and financial constraints arise. Technical flaws arose during accurate measurements and therefore led to the invention of the telescope and microscope, while the need for expensive equipment leads to financial constraints.

main areas

  • Biology: It is a field of science that deals with the study of living things and life. This area covers the physical structure, chemical processes, history and evolution of living organisms.
  • Chemistry: discipline of science that studies elements and compounds, their structures and properties. Chemistry is an intermediate science between biology and physics.
  • Physics: the natural science that studies matter, energy and interaction. This discipline is related to movement, force, energy with space and time.

What are the social sciences?

The social sciences are the disciplines that deal with the study of groups, societies, human behavior and actions and their relations with other social institutions. The definition does not conclude all aspects of the social sciences; is a broad term. The origin of the social sciences is late in relation to the natural sciences. Scientific studies of social relations began in the late 19th century . It is an understanding of the social aspects of a group of people or a single individual. His area of ​​focus is social interactions and their existence in society.

There are many philosophical positions in the social sciences. The positivist position is the first position in the social sciences supported by the social scientist Compte. The ideas say that the scientific methods of the natural sciences can also be applied as in the social sciences. The concept has also been challenged by advocates of interpretivism, who say that social relationships cannot be used to measure the way we measure natural events.

The social sciences cover a large number of fields such as political science, sociology, history, economics, archaeology, law, linguistics, and geography. Students who choose the social sciences as their subject of study can become lawyers, judges, social workers, historians, librarians, accountants, and archaeologists.

The social sciences face limitations in discoveries, financial problems, ethical issues, and complexity of variables to fit everything into a single field. Ethical problems arise when we see that some social experiments require the sacrifice of peace and mental security. Those social scientists who want to understand their data need to interpret it in order to analyze it.

Main differences

  1. The natural sciences are the study of the biological and physical sciences, while the social sciences are the study of human behavior and social relationships.
  2. The natural sciences originated earlier; On the other hand, the origin of the social sciences can be found at the end of the 19th century.
  3. The fields of the natural sciences are biology, chemistry, physics, astronomy, etc. On the other hand, the subfields of the social sciences are sociology, law, history, linguistics, etc.
  4. The natural sciences apply scientific methods and laws; On the other hand, the social sciences apply both scientific and non-scientific methods.
  5. The natural sciences lead the student to pursue his future as a doctor, engineer, astronomer and biologist; on the other hand, the social sciences lead students to pursue their future as lawyers, historians, social scientists and writers.
  6. The natural sciences answer questions like how a tree grows, while the social sciences answer questions like why a person likes tattoos.
  7. The natural sciences provide an understanding of the complex phenomenon of nature, while the social sciences describe human life and actions.
  8. The natural sciences apply quantitative methods of data collection; On the other hand, the social sciences do not focus on quantitative methods.
  9. Natural science is the study of natural events; On the other hand, the social sciences are the study of events other than natural ones.

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