Crisis of the 14th century Characteristics Causes consequences

Crisis of the fourteenth century

Period of crisis within the feudal system that began its decline. In this article we will present you the details of the Crisis of the 14th century.

The crisis of the fourteenth century includes a period of crisis within the feudal system that began its decline , which meant a change of great importance for history.

This crisis originated from a series of calamities, such as the Black Death , wars, the decrease in agricultural production due to climatic issues and overpopulation, among others.

These conditions caused famine, impoverishment, malnutrition and various diseases that led to the crisis of the century.

Thus, this period is characterized by being a sad stage for Europe , since at that time the population was desperate in the face of the situation.

Characteristics of the crisis of the fourteenth century

The crisis of the fourteenth century was characterized by the following factors:

  • Disagreement of the population with the feudal system and the monarchy.
  • Beginning of the decline of the European feudal system .
  • Emergence of a new form of work through the hiring of salaried peasants .
  • Increase in the power of the monarchs from their desire for expansion.

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Causes and consequences of the crisis of the fourteenth century


One of the main factors that unleashed the crisis of the fourteenth century was the agricultural expansion due to the demographic increase . This caused less fertile land to be cultivated, coupled with climatic changes that caused poor harvests and famines for the great population increase that there was.

In addition, the population being poorly nourished was exposed to greater diseases . The biggest was the Black Death , caused by the weakening of the population, which caused a loss of more than 30% of the European population.

Because of all this revolt, there were peasant uprisings that demanded, mainly due to the famine, a change in the feudal system, they burned castles and murdered members of the nobility, initiating a crisis in the feudal system and society at that time.

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The events of the crisis of the fourteenth century generated the following consequences:

  • As a consequence of the Black Death that emerged in the midst of this crisis, the population throughout Europe was drastically reduced . More than 30% of the population at that time died from this pandemic.
  • Crisis within the entire feudal society that ended up ending this system.
  • new system of organization was created that would give way to a capitalist society.
  • Emergence of new forms of literature and art inspired by death, the notion of the end and despair.

We hope that you have known about the details of the Crisis of the 14th century.

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