The Earth produces earthquakes from time to time in order to release the energy accumulated within it. Under normal conditions, rocks in the Earth’s interior are in a solid state , but when they are hot they tend to come out to release heat. Ring of Fire
This process alters the stability of rigid masses and produces the movement of the Earth’s plates. This is how earthquakes are triggered.
Earth’s tectonic plates coincide with the Ring of Fire
The coasts that surround the Pacific Ocean form the area of greatest seismic activity on the planet. This geological structure has a ring shape that features a large number of volcanoes. This is the reason for the name Ring of Fire, but also known as Circle of Fire (this name comes from the English “fire ring”).
When one tectonic plate moves below the other, it releases a large amount of energy and, consequently, intense seismic movement occurs. This geological process is known by scientists as the “subduction phenomenon”.
The main tectonic plates of the Pacific cover 40,000 kilometers and affect four continents: America, Asia, Europe and Oceania. On the African continent there are other geological belts, but their potential effects are not as destructive. In Mexico alone, there are three coincident plates (the North American, the Cocos and the Caribbean).
Countries affected by the Ring of Fire
Earth tremors trigger a greater risk of volcanic activity. This situation affects the following territories in America: Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Central America, United States and Canada. On the other hand, the Ring of Fire continues on the coasts of Russia, China, Japan and finally New Zealand. This immense range includes most of the active volcanoes in the world.
Any of these volcanoes can generate a catastrophe of great magnitude. In this sense, 90% of volcanic eruptions occur in the Ring of Fire.
A worldwide seismic alert
According to seismologists, major earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are likely to occur over the Ring of Fire area in the coming years. The recent earthquakes in Mexico, Chile and Japan are interpreted as an earthquake warning of hitherto unknown magnitude.
Although earthquakes cannot be predicted, it is possible to take some preventive safety measures . Japan is the most advanced country in this regard, as it carries out simulations to prepare the population and the buildings are built with the necessary characteristics to resist seismic movements.