The concept refers to images that can be multiplied to ten times the real size of something. Logically, this approach is applied to anything that is small or very small, such as an insect, a flower, or an object that at first glance cannot be clearly distinguished. Macro Photography
Photography emerged in the 19th century and in its beginnings the photos taken were known as daguerreotypes, as Louis Daguerre was one of the pioneers in developing this new invention. Since then, the world of photography has not stopped evolving.
The techniques used allow everything that is invisible to the human eye to be perceived normally. Macrophotography has facilitated the understanding of some microscopic beings and certain details of nature.
Photographers focused on this professional area employ a variety of techniques and tricks. Over the image of a plant leaf, drops of water or glycerin can be incorporated to give a feeling of freshness. In nature, when the background of the image is not suitable, a colored cardboard can be incorporated to improve the final image. Macro Photography
In macro photography, details are of vital importance, for this reason, photographers place the camera’s diaphragm in an open position for better focus. You can add some color to unfocused elements to create a picture of greater visual impact .
When photographing something at close range, there is a complexity for two reasons: the difficulty with focus and light
For these situations, a specific type of flash is used, known as an annular flash (the objective must be fixed and from there on, a frontal light is emitted that is suitable to focus the image to be captured).
As a general criterion, macro photos are taken with macro optics, but sometimes the wide angle technique is used (due to the depth of field, sharp images are obtained at close range).
Those who started with this technique usually take pictures with static subjects, for this it is convenient to use a tripod, as this way you can avoid possible blurring in the images. To avoid camera shake, it is common to use a self-timer.
Finally, both professionals and photography lovers are careful with the following aspects:
1) the depth of field (the closer the camera gets to the subject to be photographed, the smaller the depth of field), Macro Photography
2) to obtain greater sharpness it is convenient to use ISO sensitivities that are low,
3) it is recommended to take the photographs during the hours of the day when there is more light,
4) It is preferable to keep the subject’s focus plane parallel to the camera sensor as this optimizes the depth of field and increases the sharpness area. Macro Photography