The passing of a dictator is usually an episode that marks a new course in a nation‘s history. This is what happened after the death of Tito, who remained in power in Yugoslavia from the last phase of World War II until his death in 1980. Yugoslav Wars
Yugoslavia was an atypical country
The country was divided into six republics: Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In turn, there was a great ethnic and religious divide. Thus, Serbs were Orthodox, Croats followed the Catholic tradition, and Bosnians were Muslims.
During the government of Marshal Tito, cohesion between the territories was maintained thanks to a policy of fraternity and unity that managed to control the desire for independence of the different republics.
A complex military conflict
It all started when the Republic of Serbia, led by Milosevic, broke with the unitary tradition and instigated hatred among the peoples who made up Yugoslavia. In 1987, Milosevic gained control of the army throughout Yugoslav territory. The other republics expressed their disagreement and soon Slovenia and Macedonia proclaimed their independence. Yugoslav Wars
When Croatia tried to break up, Milosevic sent in the army to protect its interests (in Croatia there was an important population of Serb origin). In this way, a war broke out between Serbia and Croatia.
The conflict intensified when Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence (in this territory the majority of the population was Muslim, but there were also Croats and Serbs). The Serbian minority did not support independence and ended up forming their own state within Bosnia under the leadership of Radovan Karadzic (the objective of the Bosnian Serbs was to ally themselves with Serbia).
Karadzic’s army began to take up positions in Bosnia with the support of the powerful Yugoslav national army.
Thousands of people of the Muslim religion were murdered and many others forced to flee
In addition to the bloody episodes, there was an “ethnic cleansing” reminiscent of World War II German Nazism.
The atrocities of the war in the former Yugoslavia, especially in the city of Srebrenica, provoked the UN reaction. The Council Security UN declared Srebrenica under his protection, but this decision has not served to pacify the situation and in 1995 the Serbs occupied the city. Yugoslav Wars
In the weeks and months that followed, the Bosnians were victims of all kinds of atrocity and abuse. Thousands of Bosnians were murdered and their bodies abandoned in mass graves. When the massacre was more than evident, the international community reacted and NATO forces attacked the Serbs.
Milosevic was forced to negotiate peace and in this way the war came to an end
Those responsible for the genocide were brought to international justice . Milosevic died in 2006 of a natural death in his cell. Karadzic remained hidden under a false identity, as he posed as a spiritual healer in the city of Belgrade (when his true identity was discovered in 2008 he was taken to court and finally sentenced to forty years in prison). Yugoslav Wars