In Jerusalem is found the Wailing Wall, sacred place par excellence of Judaism. In Hebrew its name means western wall and is the vestige of the ancient temple in Jerusalem that was built in the 10th century BC by Solomon, son of King David.
It is located in the so-called Esplanade of the Mosques, in the Muslim tradition or on the Temple Esplanade in the Jewish tradition.
historical brush stroke
When the Roman legions of Emperor Vespasian destroyed the temple in Jerusalem in AD 70. C., only a part of the building wall remained standing. General Titus was responsible for the siege of the city and the destruction of the temple, so he decided not to completely destroy the wall so that the Jews would not forget that Rome had defeated Judea. Thus, the wall symbolized the Jewish people’s lament for their defeat and has since been known as the Wailing Wall.
However, the Jewish people understood that it was a divine message , which affirms that a part of the sacred temple would always stand as a symbol of the eternal covenant of the Jewish people with God.
prayers and requests
For the past two thousand years, Jews have prayed in front of the Wall and in this way expressed their regret for the destruction of the city and the dispersion of the Jewish people. However, it is not just a feeling of anguish and complaint , but it is also the place where the Book of Psalms is read as well as praises and petitions, both oral and written.
In fact, there is a tradition of inserting a small piece of paper with a brief text into the cracks in the wall. The Bar Mitzvah celebration or ritual of transition to adolescence is another of the rituals staged in front of the Wailing Wall.
The custom of introducing pieces of paper with a request began in the Middle Ages, when rabbis visited the city of Jerusalem and read the requests of members of their communities in front of the Wall.
Sacred Places of the Three Monotheistic Religions
The Jewish religion, Christianity and Islam are the great monotheistic religions. Each of them has one or more holy places: the Wailing Wall for the Jewish community , the Altar of the Crucifixion in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem or the Vatican for Christians and Mecca or the Prophet’s Mosque in the city of Medina for followers of Islam.