Although Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism are practiced in China, there is another religion that is more widespread and known: Traditional Chinese Religion .
Major gods and beliefs
It is a polytheistic religion with a wide variety of deities. In this sense, there are gods that favor fishing, others that symbolize wealth, usually each profession is associated with a specific god (for example, stonemasons and carpenters worship Lu Ban, while prostitutes worship Liang Hongyu as a protective deity ). Some national heroes have acquired a unique dimension and are considered authentic gods (eg Guan Yu was a 3rd century AD general who is honored as the god of war).
All these gods were assimilated by other religions, more particularly by Buddhism and Taoism. For this reason, religiosity in China must be understood as a syncretism , that is, a fusion of various religious and spiritual traditions. Traditional Chinese Religion
The followers of this religion idolize their ancestors and practice communication with the spirit world
Those who practice traditional religion believe that at the moment of death the human soul survives and goes to the spirit world. In this place souls also have needs and, for this reason, objects of high value are placed in the tombs so that they can enjoy them in the afterlife.
In traditional Chinese religion, there are a number of curious beliefs rooted in the people. In this way, it is believed that a baby’s crying without justification is due to some ghost that bothers him; mirrors must be positioned facing the bed; the number 8 is a sign of good luck; 4 represents bad luck and in marriage the age difference between the spouses is very important.
Religiosity in China today
Although the current Chinese government maintains a neutral stance towards all religious beliefs, in practice tolerance is only allowed with traditional Chinese religion. Consequently, non-traditional religions are practiced in a semi-clandestine manner. Despite this situation, in recent years, there has been greater interest from the population in relation to religious issues. Traditional Chinese Religion
There are several reasons that can explain this phenomenon:
1) the search for a meaning in human existence;
2) the relationship between religion and the cure of certain diseases;
The resurgence of spirituality and various religions has caused some concern for the Chinese government, as the communist tradition values religion as a harmful symptom, based on popular superstition. Traditional Chinese Religion