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What is Technocracy definition/concept

The word technocracy comes from the Greek, more specifically from tecne, which means art or technique ; and cracia, which means government. Thus, technocracy is the government of technicians. This means that supporters of technocracy believe that government people should be technical experts in different matters. In this way, a government team of technocrats would be formed by specialists in  finance , jurists, demographers, urban planners, in short, by individuals with specific training in the tasks of a government.

The theoretical foundation of technocracy emerged in the historical context of the nineteenth century, when some thinkers began to defend the idea that the best government would be presided over by specialists who would take the most reactional decisions and with strictly scientific criteria.

Throughout history we have had several models of government: aristocracy, theocracy, gerontocracy and democracy. Each of them has a number of advantages and disadvantages. For this reason, it is worth analyzing which positive aspects could contribute to a good technocratic government and which aspects would be problematic.

Arguments in favor of technocracy

In most democratic systems today, political representatives turn to highly specialized advisers who are not chosen by the people, but who become technicians who advise political leaders. In this way, technocrats are in fact those who have the power and are, in a way, protagonists of most political decisions.

When a government adopts measures on a certain public issue (for example, an urban proposal) it is prudent that this decision-making is carried out by an expert, in this case an urban planner.

For some, technocracy would be the most logical and fair form of government. This would avoid democratic deviations, for example, populism or the demagoguery of some leaders whose decisions end up being harmful to the interests of a people.

Arguments against technocracy

The democratic system is not perfect, but it is considered not to be the worst of all systems. Therefore, thinking that technocracy would solve the weaknesses of democracy means defending an alarming criterion and with drastic consequences.

There is no neutral and objective technical decision, because behind every technical measure there is an ideology, certain values ​​and a vision of the world. Therefore, considering that technocracy is an objective proposal is part of a naive approach that is not connected with the human condition, which is always subject to interests of some kind (of a social class  or an economic sector).

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