In the educational field there is a wide range of stages, cycles and programs. Thus, there are nursery schools, the education children, compulsory education levels, high school, the university and vocational training. The latter is known as the technical school . The purpose of this academic option is to prepare students for access to work.
As a general rule, these schools have training programs in which there is a combination of theoretical and practical knowledge.
Training for work has not stopped evolving
In the workshops of the Industrial Revolution there was the figure of the teacher and the apprentice. There was no formal academic training, as at that time there was no compulsory education. Apprentices started in a trade for years and in time became officers and teachers. Technical School
Technical training took a qualitative leap when schooling became a widespread phenomenon. The first educational centers for the world of work were arts and crafts schools. Once the student is approved by the primary school, he/she could join these centers and after a period of approximately five years, he/she would obtain a certificate of aptitude for work. This model evolved and became effective in the 20th century through the concept of technical school.
The objective was and is the training of technicians for the most varied industrial sectors. As a basic rule, part of the training is acquired in companies and another part in the classroom. In this training, emphasis is given to scientific-technical knowledge and humanistic matters are in the background. Technical School
In the 20th century, the most common qualifications were: technician in mechanics, electricity , chemistry, civil or naval construction. Currently, professional training has become remarkably specialized, since a process of adaptation to the technological revolution and changes in the world of work was necessary.
education and work
The general thinking of technical schools is to find a balance between two aspects: the formation of the individual and his adaptation to the world of work. The educational offer of a professional training center cannot ignore the reality of the world of work. Technical School
The exposed binomial presents all kinds of challenges . First, it is not easy to predict what the needs of the labor market will be for the next 10 or 15 years. On the other hand, academic training of a technical type needs to incorporate humanistic programs that offer values and principles and not just technological skills.
In summary, training programs in technical schools must balance three aspects:
1) the interests of the State in relation to the formation of citizens;
2) business interests;
3) the interests of citizens.