Ordinary sugar, chemically known as sucrose, is a substance made up of tiny white grains. Its scientific name is alpha-D-Glucopyranose.
Sugar can be obtained from beetroot or sugarcane, although it is also found in other plants in smaller quantities.
It is a substance that is part of our diet . In fact, they are found in foods that contain starch (rice, pasta or bread) and also in fruits. Honey contains an important amount of sucrose, which explains its characteristic sweet taste. On the other hand, it serves to sweeten desserts in general, chocolates and candies. It is also used in energy drinks or in the preparation of alcohol, as well as a complement to coffee or tea. Consequently, we are talking about a substance that is very present in everyday life.
The unique sweet taste of sugar is recognized by its taste through the tip of the tongue (the area where the taste buds are located). In any case, when a food or drink has a lot of sugar, it has an unpleasant effect, so it is said that its taste is cloying.
Sugar is not simply a sweetener that is part of our diet, it is also used in the pharmaceutical industry and in some cultures as a substance to heal wounds.
The main sugar producer in the world is Brazil , followed by India and China. According to official calculations, in the European Union , the consumption of sugar per inhabitant per day exceeds 90 grams.
Advantages and disadvantages
As with most foods, it is healthy in adequate doses. In this sense, it should be noted that glucose (a type of sugar) is the substance that gives energy to our brain . However, if consumed in excess there are a number of health inconveniences, such as: obesity , dental caries, type 2 diabetes and hypertension . Thus, it can be said that sugar sweetens, but its contraindications are evident and therefore there is a bitter side.
To reduce its harmful effect, products were created in sugar-free versions such as biscuits, chewing gum, chocolates, etc. These measures are related to low-calorie diets. However, it is often really effective for people with diabetes.
Doctors emphasize its addictive component, making it a potentially harmful substance.