Stroke, also known as stroke or stroke, is a type of cardiovascular disease in which the cerebral blood circulation is affected, causing the death of a group of neurons that manifests itself through a series of very characteristic neurological symptoms.
How to recognize a manifestation of this magnitude
A person who suffers a stroke usually has manifestations that allow you to recognize it. It is a series of symptoms that start suddenly, which include:
– Loss of strength in one of the arms, legs or even on one side of the body.
– Difficulty speaking or understanding what others say.
– Loss of balance or the ability to coordinate movements.
– Sudden very severe headache accompanied by vomiting.
– Alteration of the state of consciousness .
The appearance of these manifestations in people who also have risk factors , such as those who are hypertensive, diabetic, smoke cigarettes, maintain high levels of cholesterol in the blood or take anticoagulant medication, forces us to rule out the onset of a stroke.
There are several types of stroke
– Sudden severe headache accompanied by vomiting.
– Change in the state of consciousness.
Failure in the blood supply to the brain can occur by three main mechanisms: hemorrhage, embolism or obstruction of a blood vessel by arteriosclerosis. These mechanisms are responsible for the main strokes:
In this case, a certain area of the brain no longer receives its blood supply due to a ruptured cerebral artery, which causes hemorrhage inside the skull.
This type of stroke is of greater severity, as bruises increase the pressure inside the skull, which is associated with an increase in mortality, in the same way that blood can irritate areas of the brain giving rise to seizures.
Bleeding is due to two main causes: high blood pressure in a hypertensive person who does not take their medication or does not use it correctly, or the rupture of a malformation such as an aneurysm or an arteriovenous malformation. Some factors such as the use of anticoagulant drugs increase the risk of having a hemorrhagic stroke.
It is the most frequent type of stroke. In this case, the cerebral arteries are obstructed without breaking, which compromises the circulation of the cerebral area supplied by this artery.
The blockage is due to three main causes: the growth of cholesterol plaque in the arteries in people with arteriosclerosis; obstruction of an artery by a blood clot (embolism) from another part of the body, especially the arteries in the neck or inside the heart; or failure of blood supply due to an arrhythmia or cardiac arrest.
Transient ACV or transient ischemic attack
It is a type of ischemic stroke in which symptoms last for a few minutes and then disappear completely. This type of event indicates that there is blockage of the arteries or situations such as cardiac arrhythmias. It is important to provide them with care and seek medical assistance, as they are often indicative of the possibility of something greater happening.
What is the treatment?
Stroke are serious conditions that need emergency management .
In its initial phase it is necessary to carry out imaging tests such as tomography or magnetic resonance that help to identify the type of stroke and the blood vessels affected. This allows planning procedures to re-establish blood flow in the affected areas, minimizing brain damage and, consequently, subsequent sequelae. For this reason, when a stroke is suspected, it is necessary to go to a health center immediately.
Once the initial phase is over, therapies may be needed to recover some affected functions, these include rehabilitation or physiotherapy , language therapy and occupational therapy.
Likewise, associated conditions such as hypertension , diabetes and changes in blood fat levels must be treated and controlled , in addition to adopting a healthy lifestyle. All these measures aim to prevent the appearance of a new case of stroke.