As its name implies, sociology is the science that studies society, just as anthropology studies man and political sciences political phenomena. In this sense, it should be noted that the human being is an individual who lives in society and, therefore, society can be analyzed in its various dimensions or dynamics.
The origin of sociology
In the eighteenth century, modern science was consolidated and this circumstance gave rise to new theoretical disciplines of a scientific nature. One of these new areas of knowledge is sociology . This new science did not appear spontaneously, but its origin was an intellectual milestone for the time.
From the 18th century onwards, the intellectual panorama opened its horizons to illustrious ideas, but important political changes also took place, especially the French Revolution. This climate of renewal was established in the 19th century with liberal ideas and great technological advances.
Thus, some thinkers were dedicated to understanding the structures of society or social classes, as well as their problems, ideas and everything related to the human collectivity. With this renewed vision, a new knowledge was created: sociology .
The first thinker to use the term sociology was the Frenchman Augusto Comte, in 1840. The use of this word makes a lot of sense, as it comes from the Latin root “socius” (society) and the Greek “logy” (knowledge or science), both the concepts refer to two essential issues of the human being: it is a social animal and an intelligent being.
Current sociological perspective
sociology is a way of understanding the set of human relationships . Thus, the current sociologist may be interested in questions of diverse nature, such as the work of a group influences the vote, the relationship between the geographical context and ideas, protest movements, the role of media communication and tensions between the various collectives in a country. And all this is studied with scientific parameters and tools such as statistics , science methodology, social investigation techniques , etc.