Sikhism is one of India’s own religions. It emerged in the 16th century and is based on the belief of a superior being, making it a monotheistic religion. It is believed that this religion represents the fusion or synthesis between Islamic Sufism that opposes the caste system and the Hindu tradition.
Spiritual leaders are known as gurus and the Sacred Book of the Sikhs is known as the Guru Granth Sahib. Their temples are called Gurdwaras.
The book Sagado do Sikhismo
Like most religions, Sikhism has its own holy book, called the Guru Granth Sahib. This text represents the ultimate authority for any of its followers and above any religious leader . Sikhism
It is a collection of poems written mostly by the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, who was sent by God to enlighten men. The mission he received from God was to solve the problems of the world and promote justice among human beings. The message of the Sacred Book of the Sikhs is addressed to all mankind.
Main beliefs, values and symbols
Sikhs believe in the existence of an omnipotent God. However, they do not believe in heaven and hell, but advocate spiritual union with God as the way to salvation. This religion gives special relevance to certain human virtues and values, such as humility , charity and respect. Likewise, anger, lust, selfishness and gluttony are considered dishonest attitudes. It is understood that all human beings are equal and for this reason they are opposed to the traditional caste system . Sikhism
The Sikhs have an emblem that characterizes them, the Khanda, which is an orange colored flag with two curved disc-shaped swords along with a Chakkar, which is a disc-like weapon that represents the unity of God.
Sikhism considers religious rituals such as pilgrimages or prayers irrelevant.
What is important for a Sikh is his spiritual connection with God
In this sense, a Sikh must live honestly , practice chastity, do not smoke, do not use drugs or tell lies.
The Sikh faithful are reputed to be known as hospitable and kind people. In the West they are known for their long beards, for wearing a turban on their heads and for carrying a small dagger or kirpan, which should never be used as an attack weapon. Sikh women are not required to wear any type of veil or turban, but they must dress appropriately.
Sikhism or Sikhism currently has around 30 million followers worldwide and most are concentrated in the state of Punjab in northwestern India.