It is often said that a person is secular when their beliefs and values are totally independent of a religion. In this sense, secularism is an intellectual and moral attitude . This attitude consists of defending the individual’s autonomy in relation to different religious confessions.
Secularism does not intend to be a current against religion, but this approach emphasizes the separation that should exist between religion and other areas, such as politics or education .
In secularism, the clear separation between the state and the church is defended. In most constitutional texts this separation is explicitly established, thus, it is intended that no type of belief is imposed on the population as a whole. Those who consider themselves secular understand that the religious preferences of individuals should be part of their private life, therefore, there should not be any kind of interference between the civil and religious areas. Secularism
It is also inspired by freedom of expression . It should be noted that both in Europe and in the world in general, religious approaches serve as an explanatory model for any type of belief. It is worth remembering that the scientific theory of evolution initially clashed with the biblical tradition.
The idea of secularism should not be confused with atheism
An atheist individual denies the existence of God, while a lay person believes that political power should represent the population as a whole, regardless of the majority religion in society as a whole.
The idea contrary to secularism is confessionalism. This defends that the principles of the state must be aligned with the beliefs of a certain religion. Secularism
At present, the Spanish state declares itself non-confessional, but for centuries they organized themselves according to the principles of the Catholic confession.
The origin of secular thought
Since the Enlightenment in the 18th century, some philosophers began to analyze the coexistence between political and religious power throughout history.
Philosophers such as Voltaire and Kant argued that the close relationship between politics and religion inevitably led to dogmatic and totalitarian postures. In this way, secularism intended that the state as an institution that represents the entire collectivity did not depend on moral criteria of a religious order. Secularism