In recent years, it has been said that Rwanda is “African Switzerland”, as this country has significant economic growth rates. However, in 1994, the Rwandan population suffered a tragic episode: 1,000,000 Tutsis were murdered by members of the Hutu ethnic group. Rwandan Genocide
For three months, 11,000 people were executed daily and thousands of corpses were thrown into rivers and lakes, leaving no trace of any of them.
The trigger for the murders
On April 6, 1994, the plane that held the Rwandan president of Hutu origin was shot down by a missile. Immediately, it was claimed that Tutsi extremists were responsible for the attack.
From that moment on, the country’s armed forces began a massacre of the Tutsi ethnic group. Days after the start of the genocide , the International Red Cross reported that thousands of people were being executed.Rwandan Genocide
Although the UN condemns the crimes, at first it did not use the term genocide to qualify the murders. In order to curb the bloody actions, the UN sent troops in blue helmets to Rwanda. In July the Rwandan Patriotic Front took control of the capital and forced the Hutu government into exile in Zaire.
Ethnic tensions in Rwanda had already occurred during the colonial period.
In 1950, Rwanda was a Belgian colony and only the population of Tutsi origin had access to education . In 1959, Tutsis took power and the Hutu people demanded equal rights. In 1961, the Hutu majority regained control of the nation and abolished the Tutsi monarchy .
In 1962, Rwanda gained independence and in the following years half of the Tutsi population fled the country as a result of various civil clashes. Thus, historical conflicts and civil wars between the two ethnic groups grew until in 1994 the genocide began. Rwandan Genocide
A systematic extermination operation
The leaders who organized the genocide gave precise orders: 1,000,000 ethnic Tutsi people were to be murdered. In other words, 15% of the population had been sentenced to death. Rwandan Genocide
The courts of law that tried the murders classified those responsible into four criminal categories. In the first were the intellectual organizers of the genocide. In the second, the direct killers. In the third were the accomplices and the informers and in the fourth were the thieves who stole the dead.
Anyway, everyone considered the Tutsis as enemies of the nation and for this reason they should be exterminated.
Faced with extreme violence , thousands of Tutsi Rwandans left the country and settled in refugee camps in Burundi, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Rwandan Genocide
When the killings ended, it was the Hutus who fled the country for fear of possible reprisals. Rwandan