The justice is organized through agencies national, but in 1998 a supranational entity was created, the Court International Criminal. Its headquarters are located in the Dutch city of The Hague. The legislative framework that governs this institution is contained in a document, the Rome Statute.
Main contents of the Statute
The preface to the document indicates that the purpose of the International Criminal Court is to look after the victims of any atrocity or crime committed. Rome Statute
Furthermore, as provided for in the Statute, no state has the legitimacy to intervene in the affairs of another state.
The International Criminal Court is an independent body and is associated with the United Nations. This institution exercises its jurisdiction in relation to crimes of maximum gravity with international projection.
This institution has jurisdiction over the following crimes: genocide , aggression, harm to humanity and war. In the case of crimes that harm humanity, the following types can be included: slavery, murder, forced deportation , torture, forced prostitution or deprivation of liberty .
The Rome Statute emphasizes the right of victims to participate in legal proceedings. Rome Statute
Central aspects of the International Court
In 1998, a total of 120 states adopted the Rome Statute and in this way the foundations of supranational criminal justice were created. The main objective of this body is to combat the impunity of those who have committed extremely serious crimes and which endanger the peace and stability of nations.
The Court was created as an institution of last resort and with the intention of complementing national justice systems. Thus, the Court intervenes only in those cases where states do not act against crimes. Rome Statute
Over the years, the Court has made decisions on transcendental issues: convictions for acts of sexual violence and for acts of destruction of cultural property
Reparation orders issued by the Court are not directed against states, but against individual convicted persons. If the person responsible for a crime does not have the financial resources to compensate the victims, the compensation would be under the responsibility of a trust fund for the victims.
For the Court to be an effective institution in its procedures, it is necessary to count on the collaboration of the states. This collaboration is essential for gathering evidence, protecting witnesses and victims, or arresting suspects. Rome Statute