A prose literary work of a certain length that relies on relatively fictional events is commonly known as a novel. Its length is different from the short story and the fictional character is different from other genres, such as the essay; finally, his prose writing is opposed to the rhyme of poetry. A formal characteristic of the novels that allows them to be distinguished from other genres is their division into more or less independent chapters, which give rise to a defined and inseparable chronology. Romance
There are several types of novels, which can be humorous, autobiography, epistolary, (which tell a story through correspondence), costumes, serials, among others. Furthermore, the novel can be classified into genres and subgenres, such as dramatic, romantic, detective, science fiction, historical, horror. Many works are difficult to catalog into one category or another, as these limits are only a way of facilitating classification for library or storage purposes.
The Middle Ages show the emergence of romances and novels of chivalry. Until then, most novels were preserved by oral tradition or thanks to the work of copyists, usually priests, who were among the few people who knew how to write by hand. In the 16th century, with the creation of the press, the foundations of the modern novel were determined, of which its greatest exponent is “Don Quixote de la Mancha”, by Miguel de Cervantes.
In the following centuries, adventure novels, realistic, sentimental and customary, appeared. And thus came the great novel writers such as Guy de Maupassant, Gustave Flaubert, Charles Dickens, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Jules Verne, among others. In the 20th century, the novel underwent enormous experimental transformations, evolving into new forms and styles. A clear example of an avant-garde novel is James Joyce’s “Ulysses” or “The Metamorphosis of Franz Kafka”. This, without a doubt, also happened in Latin America, one of the pillars of the evolution of the modern novel in the 20th century, with the emergence of novelists such as Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Mario Vargas Llosa, Julio Cortázar, among others. Romance
Likewise, the growth of the Internet has given rise to the creation of new resources for accessing novels, such as electronic books and PDF document formats.
On the other hand, globalization has allowed the arrival in the Western cultural world of texts produced by artists from other cultures, including novels in traditional format and also literary genres in which novelistic prose and poetry are confused in a way that seems to us atypical in general. This is the case for many novels by Indian or Chinese authors, as well as the growing diffusion of modern Japanese literature.
It is important to highlight that the cheapness of the resources needed to produce a novel (in terms of the press) and the publication of an alternative stream in non-tangible media has allowed an increase in the number of writers and readers, since many authors resort to dissemination of its contents through digital portals.
Despite the existence of alternative means of payment, such as donations or related to advertising, one of the obstacles for modern novel writers is the risk of computer piracy and its consequent drop in profits. Romance