Risk group is a group of individuals who have a characteristic or quality that increases the probability of developing a certain condition.
In health, this term is widely used, since various disorders are more frequent due to certain habits or conditions, whether constitutional or surrounding, making people more vulnerable.
Some examples of a risk group
When talking about a risk group, we must refer to the condition for which there is a predisposition. The main groups include: Risk Group
1. Cardiovascular disease . Conditions such as obesity , physical inactivity, high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol are associated with an increased risk of developing coronary artery obstruction that can trigger a heart attack.
2. Malnutrition. Children living in rural populations in poor countries with low levels of education are predisposed to suffer certain conditions such as malnutrition.
3. Diabetes. Sedentary adults with obesity and a family history of diabetes are more likely to suffer from this disease.
4. Cancer. There are tumors associated with some habits, such as lung cancer. Smokers are those who belong to this risk group. In addition, people who have fair skin, who are exposed to and unprotected from sunlight are at risk of developing malignant melanoma.
5. Infections. People with sexual habits that include promiscuity and homosexuality constitute a risk group for contracting human immunodeficiency virus infection.
6. Environmental exposure . In the past, mechanics and gas station attendants constituted a risk group for developing saturnism, a condition that is due to the contact of metals, such as lead.
7. Thrombosis. Women who use drugs such as birth control and who also have the habit of smoking cigarettes are a group at risk for developing blood clots in your circulatory system , a condition known as thrombosis.
These are just a few examples, but there are a wide variety of risk groups for different diseases and conditions.
Utility of defining risk groups
Establishing the parameters that define a risk group is very useful for developing a prevention program. Knowing and quantifying the risks allows you to take steps to reduce the risks or their impact on health.
Many public health policies such as vaccination and health education are aimed primarily at risk groups, which means that resources are used more efficiently. Identifying these groups also makes it possible to plan distribution and access policies for both medical specialties and medicines.