The means of communication spread information about people, but not always what it says true. Given this circumstance, the legal framework of many nations and the universal declaration of human rights includes the right to reply. As the name implies, it consists in recognizing the right of each person to be able to defend themselves against possible infamy or defamation. Right of Reply
With the recognition of this right it is possible to defend the honor, dignity and integrity of the individual . Likewise, it is a right closely related to freedom of expression .
A legal mechanism to combat the spread of false information
The media rely on freedom of expression to inform society as a whole about everything that may be of interest. However, often the information disclosed is inaccurate or directly false. If such information affects a person’s image, he may have a right of reply. Thus, the person who considers himself/herself unfairly treated has the possibility to defend himself.
The individual who considers himself affected by some incorrect or false information about himself has the option of expressing himself freely in order to rectify what has been said about him. For the right of reply to be effective, he must have access to the source of information that offended him. Likewise, the law provides that those who consider themselves offended in any sense can use the media in an equitable and similar manner to have the right to reply.
Recognition of this right is considered a legal advance
The media report on the general framework of freedom of expression. On the other hand, citizens have the right to be informed with criteria of veracity . It intends to balance both realities, because if the possibility of rectification did not exist, citizenship could have biased, wrong or false information.
It must be understood in the general framework of free expression of ideas. Thus, if all citizens, without distinction, can express themselves with complete freedom, it is logical that there is legislation that protects this freedom. Right of Reply
Its purpose is to prevent abuse by the media
In other words, the news media express themselves freely, but that does not mean that they can spread falsehoods with complete impunity and without any kind of limits.
The recognition of this right serves precisely as a legal limit to neutralize the spread of falsehoods in the media.
Finally, it should be noted that the possibility of an answer refers only to the propagation of false data and not to simple opinions (statements about specific data are subject to possible correction, but not to subjective opinions).