The term regionalism can be used in two different contexts, in politics and in linguistics . In the first case, it is a political movement that opposes centralism, in the second case it refers to the vocabulary of a region .
in the political field
Most countries have an administrative division into which the different areas or regions of the country are distributed. The political power of a nation usually has two dimensions, one related to the country as a whole and the other in relation to different departments or regions. Regionalism
At times, there is usually a certain political tension between the centralist and regionalist perspective. Thus, when a region demands a higher level of self-government, we are faced with a regionalist approach.
As a general view, regionalism asserts that the political and social reality of a region must be approached with local, not centralist criteria. In certain countries, such as Spain, there are regional, nationalist and centralist parties.
Examples of linguistic regionalisms in Spain
If we take as a reference Spanish or Castilian which is spoken in Spain, it is a common language spoken in all communities in the state . However, certain words are regionalisms because they are used only in the municipalities that form a region. Regionalism
In the Canary Islands there is a specific vocabulary that will hardly be understood by people from other communities or regions. Thus, a “cambuyonero” is a maritime trader who works outside the law, a “chacho” is a boy, a “chuletada” is a barbecue and a “guagua” is a bus.
The autonomous community of Murcia also has its own terminology
The Murcian linguistic variety is called panocho. In this dialectal variety of Spanish, there are many unique words and expressions: an “abruzaera” is a rocking chair , a “chino” is a pig, a “moquero” is a pocket handkerchief and “reescullir” is equivalent to slipping or sliding. Regionalism
The Spanish spoken in Andalusia also has its own vocabulary. An “apollardao” is a confused person , a “malafolla” person is one with a dry character, a “pijotero” is a susceptible person, the “apalancao” is one who has no desire to do anything and “abarrotao” is about from a completely full place. It should be noted that some Andalucisms are also used in other regions of Spain.
On the other hand, the specific vocabulary of this Spanish region has, in turn, some subdivisions, as Andalusia is made up of eight provinces and in each of them there is a particular terminology. Regionalism