What is Punic Wars definition/concept

In century III a. C the city of Carthage, which had been founded by the Phoenicians in the 9th century BC. C, was a military and commercial power that dominated the main cities and routes of the Mediterranean Sea . Thus, the rulers of Rome watched with concern the power of Carthage, a city located in present-day Tunisia, in North Africa. Punic Wars

The Punic Wars faced Rome and Carthage for control of the Western Mediterranean

The first Punic War took place between years 264 and 241 a. C. The Romans had the support of the peoples of the Italian peninsula, while Carthage had allied with the peoples of the south of the Iberian Peninsula and the islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily. The conflict began when Sicily fell to the Romans and this circumstance provoked the reaction of the Carthaginians. After several battles in successive years, in 241, the islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily were defeated by the Romans. Punic Wars

Second Punic War happened between years 218 and 201 a. Ç

The reason that triggered the conflict was the Carthaginian expansion into the territories of the Iberian Peninsula, especially when Sagunto (a city allied with Rome) was attacked by Carthage. Carthaginian general Hannibal defeated the Romans in several cities on the Italian peninsula, but Roman general Publio Cornelio Escipión defeated the Carthaginians in Hispania. The clashes ended with the victory of the Romans, who became the rulers of the entire Mediterranean territory . Punic Wars

The Romans destroyed the city of Carthage in the Third Punic War

In the years after the Second Punic War, Rome tried to conquer the territories of the Eastern Mediterranean and Carthage was stripped of its domains beyond the African coasts. As a result of the peace treaties, Carthage was forced by Rome to renounce its armed fleet and this caused the Numidians, Carthage’s neighbors, to militarily occupy part of its territories. Despite this, the city of Carthage maintained a strong commercial activity, generating new suspicions from the Romans. Punic Wars

The Carthaginian general Hasdrubal decided to attack the Numidian invaders and this caused the Roman troops to face Hasdrubal’s army, but the Carthaginian general managed to escape. This circumstance caused the Roman senate to declare the third and last Punic War (from 149 to 146 BC). For three years, the city of Carthage was besieged by the Romans, who finally won the victory because of their evident military superiority. Punic Wars

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