Everything around us is made up of atoms, which are particles that make up matter. Each atom is divided into two parts: its nucleus in the middle and a crust outside the nucleus. Proton
If we focus on the nucleus, we will find two types of particles: neutrons and protons. The former are neutral elements without the presence of a positive or negative electrical charge. On the other hand, protons are very small particles that have an electrical charge, more specifically a positive one. Around the nucleus are the negatively charged electrons that have the function of neutralizing the positive charge of the protons.
The movement of protons
These particles are not inactive inside the nucleus of the atom, but are aligned according to the magnetic field and move in a certain direction. This movement is known as precession, as if a cone were rotating on itself at its narrowest part. Proton
In a strong magnetic field, the protons perform a high-speed movement and this is measured in the precession frequency, that is, the number of times the protons perform the precession. This frequency is not constant, as it depends on the strength of the magnetic field in which the protons are placed.
The stronger the magnetic field, the faster the precession frequency will be. It is important that the calculation of this frequency is done accurately, for this an equation called the “Larmor Equation” is used, according to which the precession frequency increases with the increase in the strength of the magnetic field. Proton
What is a proton accelerator?
As its name implies, a proton accelerator (also called a particle accelerator) can increase the speed of protons so that they collide with each other. This process brings the protons closer together, which leads to the appearance of new particles. The movement produced in a proton accelerator is part of quantum physics, a scientific paradigm that allowed the existence of chips, cell phones, computers, lasers, the internet and magnetic resonance.
The proton was discovered approximately 100 years ago
A proton is a subatomic particle that is similar in size to a neutron and larger than an electron. Its inventor was the New Zealand scientist Ernest Rutherford, who in 1918 developed an atomic model that proved the existence of the atomic nucleus and the presence of protons.
His atomic model is based on the following idea: most of the mass and all the positive charge of the atom are concentrated in the nucleus of the atom, outside of it there must necessarily be a number of electrons equal to the number of nuclear charge units.