The term professionalism refers to the ability and preparation to perform a task in which one has a benefit. Thus, professionalism is a concept basically linked to the labor market, where there is a demand for people with knowledge in certain areas and who demand to be covered. A professional is a person capable of exercising a position and fulfilling the requested requirements according to their knowledge. In addition, professionalism implies a certain commitment to the task to be performed, in addition to reflecting a dedication to improving the service in question.
Although formal education is not extremely necessary to refer to professionalism, the truth is that in general, the term requires the fulfillment of a specific career or education of a formal nature. That is why training is a very important element when it comes to professionalism. However, today, there are many options for training that were previously totally impossible to imagine.
It can be said that professionalism is closely related to the so-called division of labor. This basically consists of the specialization and cooperation of workers through different functions whose performance is the best known. This characteristic of work organization is intended to increase efficiency. This type of organization has always existed, but it has deepened especially with the development of agriculture as it allows for the production of a surplus, which has led some people to work in other disciplines. Later, with the development of capitalism and in particular with the industrial revolution , this type of trend deepened even further. Professionalism
From this perspective, professionalism is a specialization derived from the described process. This specialization allows a person to put all their attention into a particular task; attention that will have to be greater when dividing into several tasks. In addition, simplifying one task ensures that the next one is done optimally. This type of procedure was reflected in the book “The Wealth of Nations” by Adam Smith, when he exemplifies that if a single person manufactures needles can make less than a hundred a day, but if they divide the work, their production can reach up to ten thousand needles .
In contrast to this professionalization process, some authors argued some disadvantages such as lack of motivation and lack of interest after performing the same task several times. Furthermore, this specialization sets aside the development of many other skills that are equally important.