The poem is used to tell something, but in a very different way than in a novel, in a play or in any rehearsal. Within a poem there are mostly feelings and emotions. Depending on the poet’s intention, the poem plays with words to create something mysterious, magical or symbolic.
Let’s think about classical poetry, let’s imagine an epic, lyrical or dramatic poem (these are the three traditional genres). However, poetry has evolved beyond these genres and fixed versification structures. For this reason, since the emergence of the avant-gardes in the beginning of the 20th century, poetry no longer has a rule of format or genre. This freedom created a new kind of poem through free verse. In this case, the poem does not have a fixed structure , that is, a meter, but is presented to the reader with full creative freedom. Anyway, the poem has a series of ingredients and a diversity of plans.
Plans of a poem
The lines of a poem have an order and an internal relationship , so we are faced with a syntax. At the same time, there is a specific lexicon that usually manifests itself through the rhetorical figures typical of poetic language (metaphor, personification, hyperbole, paradox, among others).
On the other hand, the poem has a phonological plan since one cannot forget that words produce a sound and it is part of the rhythm. For this reason, music and poetry join the singers’ interpretation. The rhythmic issue of a poem depends on the measure of the verses, stanzas, meter, rhyme and sonority.
Images are present in the same way in poems, as the poet tries to suggest the vision of something through his words.
the poetic intention
The different planes and elements that a poet works on in his creative activity form a set of technical resources that are transformed into a poem, thus being able to indicate the loving, philosophical, playful or symbolic dimension, among other poetic proposals. At the same time, it must be made clear that a poem has to be understood through a concrete literary current ( romanticism , modernism, avant-garde…). The poet creates based on a literary movement that influences him, but also because of his individuality. The poet’s subjectivity and his particular vision is the most characteristic aspect of each creation.
A poem cannot be created with strictly rational or logical criteria, in the same way as with other literary genres. In fact, poetry sometimes has a unique component, that is, it tries to express something that cannot be expressed with words. This strange, enigmatic and contradictory aspect makes poetry a minority in the genre.