Phonetics means the study of sounds used in speech. It is linked to other disciplines such as linguistics , so it is extremely important to understand the way language is articulated .
Phonetics is a discipline developed mainly in the 20th century, and it is from this perspective that the study of sound articulations in different languages begins to make sense
In addition, there were some advances in the technical plane that made it possible to explain the form of articulation of man’s vocal tract. Nowadays, this form is used to understand precisely what kind of sound expression can be used in a specific language.
It is important to know the difference between phonetics and phonology. Although both disciplines are related, their object of study is different. Phonetics studies the sounds used in speech, while phonology studies how these sounds are related in the context of a given language.
In fact, when using a language, there are a series of rules to follow that are hardly noticed. Each sound can appear in certain contexts, that is, behind or in front of sounds with certain characteristics. In some cases, sounds can be used in other contexts. All these rules are studied by phonology; rules that no one who uses a language consciously knows, but which are undoubtedly present.
In order to carry out its study in depth, phonetics tries to describe sounds from a series of characteristics according to the processes of the phonatory system
This means that when making a sound, certain parts of the mouth are used along with the vocal chords. These characteristics are used by phonology to explain the relationships between sounds.
As can be seen, phonetics and phonology are two different disciplines, but they are related to each other, each one being meaningless. In the case of phonetics, it allows all the sounds of human speech to be described in an abstract way as a function of the various elements that make up its formation (taste, lips, vocal chords, etc.).