The first five books of the Old Testament are known as the Pentateuch. This term comes from the Greek and literally means five volumes. To the Jews this denomination is known as Torah . According to Judeo-Christian tradition, Moses was the one who wrote the Pentateuch.
The books integrated into the Pentateuch are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy
In Genesis the creation of Earth and Heaven is narrated. This book also tells the origin of humanity and the history of the patriarchs as the origin of the people of Israel. In this sacred text , God is presented as the creator of all that exists.
One of the best-known stories in Genesis is related to the disobedience of Adam and Eve and the consequent original sin of mankind. Pentateuch
The book Exodus tells the story of the people of Israel from the period of slavery in Egypt to their full liberation on Mount Sinai
In other words, the emergence of Israel as a nation is counted . In Exodus the Ten Commandments also appear.
The book Leviticus is intended for the Levites, the first priests consecrated by Moses (they receive this name because they belonged to the tribe of Levi, one of the twelve original tribes of the people of Israel). Throughout the chapters, subjects such as animal sacrifices, offerings to God, dietary prohibitions, and the offerings of priests for the atonement of sins are dealt with. Pentateuch
The fourth book is called Numbers because it contains figures and records that detail the events related to crossing the desert from Egypt to Mount Sinai.
Deuteronomy is an eminently historical book. Its chapters narrate some relevant episodes in the history of the people of Israel: the advance towards the promised land, Moses’ exhortation to the people to respect the commandments, the prohibition of the worship of false gods and the historical references to the main religious celebrations (by example, the Feast of Tabernacles). Pentateuch
The Pentateuch has a historical as well as a theological relevance. For Christians, the five books that comprise it have a Christological purpose, that is, they help to understand the figure of Jesus Christ as the true Messiah.
For the Jews it constitutes the origin of divine revelation. Pentateuch