The Sun is a unique star, as it provides the light and energy necessary for life on our planet to be possible. If it did not exist, the Earth would have no life. On the other hand, the Sun is the basis of our planetary system . All planets revolve around you because of the force of your gravity.
At its center the Sun has a powerful “nuclear reactor” that produces temperatures of 15 million degrees Fahrenheit, where oxygen turns into helium in a continuous chain reaction. When hydrogen nuclei fuse to produce helium nuclei, a small loss of mass occurs and this matter is discharged as energy, providing the solar glow we perceive. Parts of the Sun
At its core is great density , specifically being ten times denser than lead. The discharged energy takes about 10,000 years to reach the surface. In terms of composition, there is 70% hydrogen, 28% helium and 2% heavy elements, mainly iron. So it’s not a solid surface.
Several solar layers
The Sun has six different layers and all of them work harmoniously to provide light and heat . Each layer affects others producing the stability necessary for its mass to remain united and compact.
The layers have an inner core, a radiant zone, a convection zone, a photosphere, a chromosphere and a crown.
When observing it from Earth, we appreciate the photosphere and the rest of the layers constitute the inner part of the Sun. The layers below the surface are denser as the depth increases. On the other hand, the layers are warmer as the depth increases, due to the sun’s heat at its core and later flowing outwards. Parts of the Sun
Each of its layers has a role in heat production.
The core part holds all the surrounding gas and in this way prevents a collapse. The radiant and convective zone maintain pressure against the core. The photosphere is the layer of the Earth that receives light and heat. The chromosphere emits most of the light in the ultraviolet region of the spectrum. Finally, the corona allows the distribution of light and heat that reaches the Earth and other planets through the solar winds.