The Paris Agreement, also known as the Paris Conference, is an international treaty signed in 2015 by more than 190 countries. The central theme is climate change, a reality that affects the entire planet. This international assembly outlines a direction so that the future of humanity is not threatened by climate change caused by human action.
Since the 1950s, the harmful effects of carbon dioxide emissions and alarming data have been known and have created the need to reach agreements at an international level.
One goal is to set limits in relation to global warming. In this sense, it was agreed that the heating process should not exceed two degrees centigrade and, if possible, that it should be 1.5 degrees centigrade.
A second objective is to increase the capacity of countries to adapt to the effects of climate change. In other words, what is intended is to build societies that are capable of withstanding the effects of climate change.
As a third aspect, a transition period is proposed so that the economy does not depend on carbon. At the same time, there is a global commitment to promote sustainable development across economic activity .
The Paris Agreement implies a paradigm shift in the energy model and in the mentality of human beings
The effects of climate change are known and they all have devastating potential. Thus, it is expected an increase in desertification and the presence of all kinds of natural disasters. As these effects are clearly harmful to the planet, it is necessary to change to an economic model that is as less polluting as possible. This aspiration is not achieved simply through new industrial and energy models, however, it is essential that there is a change in individual and collective mentality.
With the Paris Agreement there was a qualitative leap, as it is intended that greenhouse gas emissions will no longer be a threatening reality. For the Agreement to enter into force, it must be ratified by 55 countries that represent at least 55% of global emissions. Its entry into force will take place from 2020 and the measures adopted in the following years will have to be periodically revised.