Outcasts are the lowest caste components that make up Indian society . They are people who belong to an untouchable condition, as traditionally no one can be touched, as it is considered that contact can “stain”. As a result, they suffer social marginalization and have no rights whatsoever. Although this situation has greatly improved in the modern age, discrimination still remains. Pariah
Outcasts lived very poorly on the outskirts of cities, where they were banned and forced to do menial jobs with those tasks that no one wanted to do, like sweeping feces from the streets.
The use of the term pariah came to be generalized to denote all people who live in a condition of exclusion and are considered inferior by the rest of society .
the caste system
For thousands of years, society in India was divided into castes. Since its mythical origin of creation through Brahma (the man who divided it into castes), it is possible to differentiate more than 2000 castes depending on factors such as the profession performed or the territory they belonged to. Pariah
Even over the years, caste differences were not a fundamental obstacle, they continued to be a strong impediment to certain issues, such as being able to marry freely.
Historically, people who belonged to this caste had no rights whatsoever, but in 1950, following Gandhi’s tremendous impulse in terms of equality, the discriminatory barriers that existed until then were broken down, reaching the point that nowadays forbid “untouchability” and it would be possible to find ministers and governors from this caste.
Still, despite these tremendous efforts, it is not easy to end permanently with a system that has been in place for over 3000 years. Pariah
What is certain is that the pariahs have gained recognition from most of Indian society , but even so they still have a long way to go before they are fully integrated.
There are still castes that see outcasts as inferior beings, which leads to frequent and violent social disputes. This is why the outcasts’ struggle against intolerance is not over. Pariah