Human beings have always been curious to know their past. History is general knowledge where it is possible to trace what happened in other times. For this task to be effective it is necessary to resort to a discipline that helps history, paleography. Palaeography
Etymologically, paleography means ancient writing. In this way, this tool of historical knowledge is responsible for deciphering ancient texts.
The paleographer’s task is to know all aspects related to the content of a writing that belongs to a distant time in human history
For this it is necessary to know the type of paper used (parchment, papyrus or paper), the format of the book (roll or codex), as well as the signs, abbreviations and all the details that can provide useful information . The main purpose of paleography is to determine whether a text is real or a copy or a forgery. The paleographer must have a deep knowledge of the language in a script and, of course, the alphabet used. At the same time, it needs to have a deep knowledge of the historical context of a manuscript, the possible author, the archive that is found and everything related to its elaboration. Palaeography
As an auxiliary knowledge of history, paleography is directly related to another discipline, diplomatic, which consists in determining the type of document about which something is written, that is, whether the document belongs to the civil, military or religious field and which its specific function . There is no clearly defined boundary between paleography and diplomatic, as both have common links. The two carry out an investigative task of the past through scriptures and historical documents.
the historical origin
Palaeography as academic knowledge began in France, in the eighteenth century, in the period known as the Enlightenment , although since antiquity what has been tried has been to understand all the information provided by the most remote witnesses in time. Palaeography
Within the global framework of history, paleography focuses on what man wrote in the past, but it should be noted that there are other disciplines related to history that also have the function of investigating aspects of a distant time, such as archeology, numismatics and heraldry.