The term orthorexia comes from the Greek and literally means to eat right (orthos means right and orexis means desire or appetite).
Orthorexia is a conduct disorder and consists of obsessive behavior in relation to healthy eating . This idea may be contradictory at first, as eating healthy foods is a good thing. However, those who suffer from orthorexia exaggerate their interest in healthy food. We can compare this behavior with some compulsive disorders on initially positive issues, for example, hand washing. This attitude is acceptable when it is done several times a day, but it is not when it is done compulsively.
Otorexia usually begins with the practice of healthy consumption habits and ends up becoming an obsession
People who have this behavior usually start to be interested in healthy food because they understand that it is something necessary, because many foods have undesirable additives and substances and try to lead the healthiest life possible. Over time, these people begin to plan what they are going to eat, calculate calories, read all the food labels, and they definitely want to know all the properties of daily consumption. If for any reason they cannot eat a completely healthy diet, they feel guilty.
Another characteristic of these people is the proud attitude they have towards their eating habits.
In fact, it is common to try to infect others with this addiction. On certain occasions, they even despise those who do not adhere to this type of behavior. Obviously, this attitude involves a social problem , since it is not easy to live with individuals with orthorexia.
Consequences of orthorexia
The strict self-imposed norms by orthorexics can cause health problems, especially extreme thinness, for example, in some cases fats are avoided in a radical way and this causes a significant loss of weight.
Advanced orthorexia can cause malnutrition or malnutrition . On the other hand, it can cause hyponatremia, that is, low levels of sodium. One of the causes of hyponatremia is excessive water consumption, a practice widely used among orthopedics.
Orthorexia disorder is a pathology that is usually related to other disorders, as shown by anorexia and vigorexia