This current of philosophy emerged in the 20th century and Ayn Rand is considered its maximum representative. His ideas were not presented through the traditional language of philosophy, but were exposed through his novels, such as “The Fountainhead” and “The Revolt of Atlas”. Objectivism
The central thesis of objectivism is the following: reality exists as something objective and human reason is the means to perceive it.
The human being needs a rational morality . This means that the moral codes that allow us to distinguish good from bad must not be based on subjective emotions or religious beliefs grounded in faith. In this sense, our beliefs and convictions have to be based on rational and logical criteria. Through logic it is possible to prove that something is true and correct from the point of view of morality.
The morality of objectivism is based on a general principle: human life is the supreme value that gives meaning to existence
The moral objective of any individual is to achieve their own happiness, for this no one should impose their ideas on others. In other words, each human being must direct his life as an end in himself and guide his existence based on his rational interest.
Objectivism gives priority to the individual over the collectivity. In this sense, Ayn Rand’s philosophical vision is a strong critique of any form of socialism.
Objectivism is opposed to the existence of God, as there is no proof or evidence to demonstrate his existence.
From an economic point of view, capitalism is defended as the only valid production system , as it is the model that guarantees the right of human beings to fight for their dreams and aspirations.
Criticism of Objectivism
Like all philosophical currents, objectivism has been the object of some criticism. First, it is considered a doctrine that defends selfishness, because according to its principles, human beings have to sacrifice themselves and not for others.
On the other hand, the ideas of Ayn Rand and his followers have been valued as a critique of Jewish and Christian tradition. Lastly, some believe that this legitimate current touches on the abuses of capitalism, as Ayn Rand was in favor of non- state intervention in economic affairs.