The word nirvana comes from Sanskrit and means extinction. To understand its legitimate meaning it is necessary to understand the term in the context of some Eastern philosophies and religions, especially Buddhism.
nirvana in Buddhism
According to the sacred texts of Buddhism, Siddhartha, the true name of the Buddha, spent 40 days meditating under a tree and experiencing a series of inner experiences. At first, you were meditating until you recognized all your previous lives.
In the background, he understood the meaning of existence in a cyclic way through the action of karma and the law of cause and effect of nature.
In a third stage and last level of meditation, he came to the conclusion that there were a series of poisons or mental brakes that disturb the human soul: sensual desire, attachment, wrong viewpoint, and ignorance. After this meditation phase, the Buddha reaches the attainment of true enlightenment and ultimate knowledge : nirvana.
the disturbances of the soul
For Buddhists, nirvana is the absence of all suffering. It should be taken into account that human suffering is the result of mistakes and misperceptions. In other words, suffering occurs due to a misunderstanding of external and internal reality , what Buddhists call “avidia”. So, to overcome avidia it is necessary to start the path of meditation, which is popularly known as yoga. In this way, we will be able to feel free from the sufferings that afflict us.
When a person has the wrong perception of others and of himself, this generates fear, violence and emotional maladjustment, that is, suffering. For this reason, nirvana is a spiritual state from which disturbances of the soul disappear.
During the process of seeking nirvana, the individual discovers mistaken ideas such as “to be or not to be”, “birth and death” and thus realizes the totality of reality
In this sense, nirvana is a method to eliminate false notions and ideas that generate pain and anguish. An illustrative example of this misunderstanding would be the observation of a cloud .
When we look at a cloud, we immediately think that it really exists, but when it becomes rain it disappears and then we say that it doesn’t exist anymore. This way of looking at and understanding reality is wrong for Buddhists, as we should see the cloud in rain or snow and therefore beyond the cloud itself.