Large operators do not support it, while large online service providers love it, so net neutrality consists in not discriminating IP packet traffic according to its origin and the service to which it belongs. Network Neutrality
The TCP/IP protocol divides the information corresponding to the different programs and services that communicate over the Internet into small packets, which include certain identification parameters, both of their destination and of the corresponding service.
That’s why, by inspecting the interior of each packet, it is possible to establish controls to filter according to traffic.
Why might operators be interested in doing this? Well, for two reasons:
The first is to reserve broadband for your own services and those that interest you the most, while the second is to reduce broadband to services that do not benefit you. Network Neutrality
For example, audio and videoconferencing services are not very interesting for operators, as they withdraw revenue from long distance and international calls, so they are very interested in limiting the bandwidth they use so that the quality drops and users opt for traditional voice calls.
At the same time, the operators responsible for forwarding network traffic complain that service providers (such as videoconferencing, streaming, among others) profit without spending a penny on the maintenance of the infrastructure that allows them to offer their services and that correspond to the aforementioned operators .
This fight has persisted, above all, since the emergence of Netflix and other on-demand film and video services. The higher the quality of the video retransmitted in streaming, the greater the amount of data it occupies; this makes networks suffer more and more and prompt operators to update their systems as demand grows, which in turn sets a significant expense on new solutions. Network Neutrality
The same problem arises in mobile connectivity – and not just in fixed – but also in domestic and professional.
Net neutrality has allowed us to guarantee from the beginning the “natural selection” of online services, that is, that the best and most accepted prevail over the others.
In this way, any new service initiative that consumes a large amount of data transfer has the same opportunities to triumph as any other.
Proponents of this concept also argue that it guarantees freedom of choice for online services, regardless of the connection provider you have.
On the part of operators and their advocates, and in addition to the argument previously used about the cost of infrastructure, its updating continues, and the fact that the service providers who profit from it do not see a penny, also carries the protest of that they cannot prioritize traffic from their own services or from third parties with which they have agreements, and which give a sense of exclusivity to their customers.
The most common case is that of operators that offer Netflix and other exclusive streaming services in certain countries that want to ensure a very wide minimum bandwidth for such services, in order to guarantee the quality of content visualization .
At the same time, operators that don’t offer certain video services don’t want to consume a lot of bandwidth, as they won’t see a penny of what these companies earn.
In some countries, net neutrality is guaranteed by law, as is the case in the Netherlands. Likewise, the European Parliament voted in favor of net neutrality, and the issue is controversial in political discussions in the United States. Network Neutrality