The term pagan comes from the Latin word paganus, which literally means ” person who lives in the countryside.” And pagan in turn comes from pagus, which means village. Neopaganism
From the expansion of early Christianity into Roman civilization, the idea of paganism refers to all religious currents which defend the belief in various gods and the forces of nature with a divine character. From a Christian point of view, both the Greek and Roman peoples, as well as other peoples, practiced forms of religiosity far from the idea of a single true God.
At present there is a wide range of polytheistic spiritual doctrines, all of which are included in neopaganism.
From a religious point of view, there are two main currents:
1) traditional religions (Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, etc.);
2) alternative spiritual proposals, such as Celtic Druidry, Mithra cults, the Asatrú religion, Wicca, the New Age and the worship of the deities of Ancient Egypt. Neopaganism
These alternative religious movements have a number of characteristics in common:
- – The forces of nature have a special role in the most varied rituals. In other words, there is a deification of nature.
- – There is rejection of monotheistic religions, theology and philosophy in its most classic version.
- – The followers of modern paganism identify with ancestral rituals, with the mythological accounts of antiquity, with magic and with a sacralized ecology.
- – The cycles of nature are not approached from scientific parameters, but are valued through a spiritual approach. Thus, all living beings are imbued with a divine spirit.
- – In this belief system , some values and ethical principles are defended: tolerance, respect for the cycles of nature and freedom of conscience . Neopaganism
- – Neopagan doctrines value science as a set of instrumental tools to know the laws of nature, but science does not connect with the spiritual dimension of nature.
- – Most currents propose a reconsideration of scientific and technological progress .
The return to paganism expresses disenchantment with religion, philosophy and science
Monotheistic religions do not inspire confidence in some sectors of the population. Western philosophy is not attractive either, as the various currents approach a permanent debate scenario where there is no certainty whatsoever. Neopaganism
The know science can be tedious, since the laws and scientific theories have no aura of magic or spirituality.