The neoclassical style, or neoclassicism, was a cultural movement that developed between the mid-eighteenth century and the first decades of the nineteenth century, being perceived in different social, political and artistic classes. Its starting point lies in a reaction against the excesses committed during the Baroque, especially during its last epoch: the Rococo.
The neoclassical established a return to the molds of ancient Greece and Rome, seeking balance, proportion and harmony in art, in addition to the triumph of liberal ideas in the fight against intolerance in the world of politics.
The main feature of this period is the imitation of ancient Greek and Roman works. Neoclassical architecture and sculpture rescue this tradition and translate them into works very similar to that time. neoclassical
On the other hand, painting, for not having classical models to imitate, becomes the only reference of the old highlights that during these moments lost all the practice of its chromaticism, making its greatest influence on the thematic line to be presented, without contributing with nothing new in relation to the technique or system of representation.
In the field of literature , beauty was represented in a cold, soulless way, giving prominence to reason in the face of feelings . The clearest reflection of all this was the abandonment of lyrical production in favor of another type of work, in which educational and moral values prevailed over fantasy and imagination. neoclassical
Top neoclassical artists
In the history of the neoclassical, there is one name that stands out from the rest. It is the Italian Giovanni Piranesi, a very important engraver, but who became known in history thanks to the records of Roman archaeological discoveries at that time. Thus, his work is a collection of engravings that reflect ancient Roman monuments, serving as a reference to other neoclassical artists. neoclassical
Among them it is worth mentioning two in particular. The first would be the Italian sculptor Antônio Canova, who at the height of his career was the reference artist for personalities such as the Pope and Napoleon Bonaparte. The second is the French painter Jacques-Louis David, the main character of the French Revolution and considered the artistic leader of the French Republic who later became a court painter to Napoleon Bonaparte, leaving a magnificent picture of his coronation in history.