Morphology is the discipline responsible for understanding how words are formed. Thus, it can be said that morphology is a type of knowledge related to linguistics , as human communication becomes the center of study through speech. This course recognizes the various rules that each language has when it comes to forming the terms that will be used in articulated communication.
In fact, each language has its own characteristics, being necessary to unravel them to obtain a better knowledge. Morphology, despite being focused on words, also has a strong relationship with syntax.
Considering the above, there are groups of languages that have words with common characteristics regarding their formation. Thus, we can observe some cases of words with a single syllable, others that are articulated among themselves and finally those that depend on roots and suffixes. Portuguese is found in this last group.
Thus, in Portuguese, words are composed of different elements that give them meaning
In fact, we can recognize several roots that somehow give a central meaning to the word, in parallel, we observe certain prefixes and suffixes that add information. So, for example, suffixes establish how the word will be used in syntactical terms, in fact, they can make a root behave like an adjective, adverb, noun, verb, among others.
Suffixes also refer to number (singular or plural) or gender (male or female). In the case of verbs , the ending refers to the tense, the person , the number, etc. It is of great importance to establish the so-called agreement with the subject‘s core.
We all have a natural understanding of morphology in our language.
This circumstance, on many occasions, leads us to pay little attention to the rules and laws that determine the formation of words. However, when studying a new language, we must consider that these laws can be very useful, especially when the language differs substantially from ours. Morphology presents a series of criteria that may be relevant in this regard, in addition to its contributions in the field of linguistics.