The idea of morbidity refers to the percentage of the population that gets sick. Thus, the morbidity rate is the result of dividing the number of people who become ill by the population as a whole.
The various parameters of morbidity
Certain diseases can have serious consequences for the population as a whole. Let’s think of a place whose inhabitants are dedicated most of the time to mining, because of this, pathologies associated with this work activity arise. This situation has health, social and economic repercussions.
Morbidity can be analyzed from several parameters, as there are the incidence rate, the prevalence rate, the case rate and the lethality rate as specific parameters.
The incidence rate refers to the number of people who acquire a disease over a period of time. This data is of vital importance to prevent diseases or to organize a vaccination system .
The prevalence rate refers to the number of individuals with a specific disease. These data provide relevant information to know the health levels of a population in relation to a disease. In the case of Latin America, malaria control depends largely on knowledge of this rate.
The official control of the number of people who have a certain pathology is known as the control rate.
The fatality rate refers to the percentage of the population that as a result of an illness produces death.
Mortality and Morbidity are two concepts that cannot be confused
The idea of morbidity refers to diseases while mortality is an indicator of the number of people who died in a population. Obviously, the two concepts have a certain relationship since morbidity can trigger the phenomenon of mortality.
Data relating to a country’s mortality is an important indicator to know the population’s quality of life . The infant mortality rate is a parameter that affects a nation as a whole, as it provides information on various aspects such as the health system, social conditions, economic situation, among others.