What is Mercury definition/concept/elaboration

Mercury is a god in Roman mythology as well as a planet in the solar system and a chemical element in the periodic table.

In Roman mythology the god Mercury corresponds to the god Hermes in Greek mythology

For the Romans Mercury was the god of travelers, thieves and traders. The name of this god corresponds to a deity that comes from Greek mythology, more specifically to Hermes (son of the nymph Maya and the god Zeus). The image one has of Mercury or Hermes is that of an amusing, shrewd, cunning, and intelligent god.

in the solar system

Mercury is the smallest planet in our solar system and the closest to the Sun. Because it has no atmosphere , its temperature variations are very high. Mercury’s core is liquid and this is due to its high sulfur content.

It is a planet that can be seen with the naked eye of Earth. As far as its movement is concerned , it takes 59 Earth days to make a rotation on itself and the complete rotation around the Sun is accomplished in 88 Earth days.

A chemical element with a lot of history

It is a unique element as it remains liquid at room temperature . It can penetrate the substance of all metals and even dissolve some. This metal was already known in prehistoric times, as it is known that it was used to make pigments with which figures were painted on cave rocks. Mercury

In antiquity it was called liquid silver by the Greeks. Doctors in classical Greece used this metal to cure eye problems or treat burns. However, they realized that it could also be a dangerous poison for both humans and animals and plants. The Romans used it in decorative elements.

Already in the Middle Ages, this liquid metal was used by alchemists in an attempt to transform metals into gold. In India, mercury was believed to contain aphrodisiac properties and in China it was used in the preparation of elixirs to prolong life. Some historians believe that Mozart could be accidentally poisoned with mercury by doctors trying to cure his venereal diseases.

From a strictly chemical point of view, it is a transition metal, its symbol is Hg, its atomic number is 80, its atomic mass is 200.59, and its electronegativity is 2.00. Mercury

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