Like anywhere on the planet, the Mediterranean Sea can be studied from various perspectives. Among them, the geographic, geopolitical and historical stand out.
Specific geographic data of interest
The surface of the Mediterranean exceeds 2.5 million square kilometers, a surface similar to the territory of Argentina. As for its dimensions, from east to west it is 4000 km, from north to south it is 800 km and a further 46,000 km of coastline.
Its average depth is 1.370m and its salinity level is 3.8%. The Nile, Ebro, Rhône and Po rivers are the most important that flow into its waters. Mediterranean Sea
Although the Mediterranean Sea is talked about as a marina surface, there are actually several seas in its interior, such as the Ionian Sea, the Marmara Sea, the Alboran Sea and the Aegean Sea, among others.
In its western part, the coastal countries of the Mediterranean include France, Spain and Italy, on the east coast are Croatia, Slovenia and Greece, and on the Asian side are Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, among others.
Mediterranean geopolitical interest
On the shores of this sea are three continents: Africa, Europe and Asia. This fact highlights its strategic value for the international market. Mediterranean Sea
Currently, some territories bordering the Mediterranean have a first-rate geopolitical importance. In this regard, it should be noted that on the African coast of the Mediterranean there are thousands of sub-Saharans who try to reach the European continent every year , on the other hand, thousands of refugees from the war in Syria are in refugee camps on the coasts of Turkey and Africa. Greece.
It should not be forgotten that the Strait of Gibraltar at the western end is the natural exit to the Atlantic, which is why it is a fundamental territory for international navigation.
From a tourist point of view, the Mediterranean coast attracts millions of tourists from all over the world.
The Mediterranean is considered the cradle of several civilizations
The Neolithic period arose in this region , as well as the Western world and later several civilizations: the Sumerians, Assyrians, Hittites, Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans. All of them form the origin of the western world known to this day. Mediterranean Sea
From a religious perspective, in the Mediterranean there are three monotheistic religions: Christianity, Judaism and Islam.